02 Dec oakland riots 1960s
Oakland currently has professional teams in three sports: baseball, soccer, indoor football. The group, calling themselves Moms 4 Housing, said their goal was to protest what they said was a large number of vacant houses in Oakland owned by redevelopment companies while the city experienced a housing crisis. Despite this reduction in habitat, Oakland is home to a number of rare and endangered species, many of which are localized to serpentine soils and bedrock. In its 2013 ParkScore ranking, The Trust for Public Land, a national land conservation organization, reported that Oakland had the 18th best park system among the 50 most populous U.S. In 2005 a sculpture called HERETHERE was installed by the City of Berkeley on the Berkeley-Oakland border at Martin Luther King Jr. Way. At the time of incorporation in 1852, Oakland had consisted of the territory that lay south of today's major intersection of San Pablo Avenue, Broadway, and Fourteenth Street. 52,103 households (33.9%) were made up of individuals, and 13,778 (9.0%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older.  During the first decade of the 21st century, Oakland has consistently been listed as one of the most dangerous large cities in the United States. The sculpture consists of eight-foot-tall letters spelling "HERE" and "THERE" in front of the BART tracks as they descend from their elevated section in Oakland to the subway through Berkeley..  Home ownership is 41% and 14% of rental units are subsidized.. , Oakland has more than 50 distinct neighborhoods. 1917. 1960 – HUAC riot, May 13, Students protest House Un-American Activities Committee hearings, 12 injured, 64 arrested, San Francisco, California; 1960 – Newport Jazz Festival Riot, July 2, Newport, Rhode Island; 1960 – El Cajon Boulevard Riot, August 20, San Diego, California; 1960 – Ax Handle Saturday, August 27, Jacksonville, Florida In 1908 lawyer, former miner and newspaper owner Homer Wood (1880â1976) suggested to his friend Frank Bilger of Blake and Bilger Rock Quarry and Paving Company that he organize a gathering to establish a Rotary Club east of the bay. They include dive bars, dance clubs, modern lounges and jazz bars.  Yet, in 1919 it still resulted in a small epidemic of Pneumonic plague which killed a dozen people in Oakland. , Big tech companies have continued to transform the communities and culture of Oakland as modern apartments have appeared, housing prices have spiked, and many prior working-class residents have moved to suburbs further inland. Many structures in Oakland were badly damaged including the double-decker portion of Interstate 880 that collapsed. , In 1960, Kaiser Corporation opened its new headquarters; it was the largest skyscraper in Oakland, as well as "the largest office tower west of Chicago" up to that time. Oakland has 19 miles (31 km) of shoreline, but Radio Beach is the only beach in Oakland. Murders are a subset of homicides. In 2007, the Oakland Tribune moved its offices from the tower to an East Oakland location, before folding in 2011.. Western Aerospace Museum. According to the California Secretary of State, as of February 10, 2019, Oakland has 245,111 registered voters. On November 27, 1908 Homer took a ferry across the bay in a driving rainstorm and met for lunch with Frank and twenty three other businessmen at the Hotel Metropole at 13th and Jefferson. ca. Until 2000, it was the Summit Medical Center before merging with Berkeley-based Alta Bates. The region's Fox O&O, KTVU 2, is based in (and licensed to) Oakland at Jack London Square along with co-owned independent station KICU-TV 36 (licensed to San Jose). The wettest year was 1940 with 38.65 inches (982 mm) and the driest year was 1910 with 12.02 inches (305 mm).  The unemployment rate as of December 2013 was 9.7%. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 99,068 persons (25.4%).  Crime trends generally tracked comparison cities of Fresno, Richmond, Sacramento, and Stockton "in terms of direction if not magnitude"; this suggested that crime trends are regional rather than city-specific. State Route 13 begins as the Warren Freeway at I-580, and runs through a scenic valley in the Montclair District before entering Berkeley. Many AC Transit lines follow old routes of the Key System. From a mutiny following an explosion that killed over 200 African American sailors to Brianna Noble iconically riding her horse through a demonstration against the police killing of George Floyd, Oakland has a history of protest that has led the country in resilience and progress for decades.  Upon his death in 1842, Peralta divided his land among his four sons. In 2019, the Warriors moved to Chase Center across the Bay. The 6.9 Mw Loma Prieta earthquake occurred on October 17, 1989. Subsequent battle for control over the lucrative narcotics trade incited gang conflicts and violence, with shootings becoming a regular occurrence. During the 1960's protests against the Vietnam War took place all across the nation. The eastern span of the San FranciscoâOakland Bay Bridge also sustained damage and was closed to traffic for one month. About two-thirds of Oakland lies in the flat plain of the East Bay, with one-third rising into the foothills and hills of the East Bay range. Oakland's three largest public high schools are Oakland High School, Oakland Technical High School, and Skyline High School. • Huey P. Newton, Black Panther Party Minister of Defense, convicted of manslaughter and sentenced to 2–15 years in federal prison. Of those, 159,771 (65.2%) are registered Democrats, 9,544 (3.9%) are registered Republicans, and 65,416 (26.7%) have declined to state a political party.  During the 1970s, Oakland began to suffer serious violence and other problems related to gang-controlled dealing of heroin and cocaine when drug kingpin Felix Mitchell created the nation's first large-scale operation of this kind.  Some individual schools have much better performance than the citywide average. Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG & E) provides natural gas and electricity service. Summers are usually dry and warm and winters are mild and damp. In Oakland, as many as 1,000 people gathered at deFremery Park in West Oakland for a protest organized by Black Youth for the People’s Liberation, while others gathered nearby for … Black Panther Party, African American revolutionary party, founded in 1966 in Oakland, California, by Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale. On November 28, 2018, the Athletics announced plans to build a new ballpark at Howard Terminal, set to open in 2023. In 2020, the Oakland Panthers of the Indoor Football League will begin play. The Raiders left Oakland for Los Angeles in 1982, where they won a third Super Bowl championship and returned to Oakland in 1995.  City offices had to be housed in leased space and other locations.  By 1920, Oakland was the home of numerous manufacturing industries, including metals, canneries, bakeries, internal combustion engines, automobiles, and shipbuilding. BART's headquarters was in a building above the Lake Merritt BART station until 2006, when it relocated to the Kaiser Center due to seismic safety concerns.  By 1929, when Chrysler expanded with a new plant there, Oakland had become known as the "Detroit of the West," referring to the major auto manufacturing center in Michigan..  The first transcontinental airmail flight finished its journey at Durant Field on August 9, 1920, flown by Army Capt. Southern Pacific trains ended at the 16th Street Station. The Oakland City Council has eight council members representing seven districts in Oakland with one member elected at-large and others from single-member districts; council members serve staggered four-year terms. Oakland in protest: A city of defiance and progress. There are several religious and secular private high schools, including The College Preparatory School, Head-Royce School, Bishop O'Dowd High School, Holy Names High School, St. Elizabeth High School and Oakland Hebrew Day School.  The majority of Hispanics self-identify as Other Race (65.9%) with the remainder choosing White (22.9%), Multiracial (6.9%), Black (1.6%), American Indian and Alaskan Native (2.0%), Asian (0.5%), and Hawaiian and Pacific Islander (0.3%). Especially insidious were the actions of attorney Horace Carpentier, who tricked Vicente Peralta into signing a 'lease' which turned out to be a mortgage against the 19,000-acre rancho. 'Chrysler plant, "East Oakland Community Information Book 2001", "U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission.  Oakland requires these operators to educate users on the correct and safe use of scooters, to distribute the scooters equitably throughout the city, to ensure accessibility, and to provide insurance and indemnification..  Oakland is widely regarded as being one of the most liberal major cities in the nation. The demand for more minority employees in local businesses in the Bay Area was fueled by the huge increase in African Americans in California following World War II. There are no term limits for the city council. The Raiders have since relocated to Las Vegas and are now known as the Las Vegas Raiders. The committee was formed on May 22, 1965 during a two-day-long protest of the Vietnam War on the Berkeley campus. A major West Coast port city, Oakland is the largest city in the East Bay region of the San Francisco Bay Area, the third largest city overall in the San Francisco Bay Area, the eighth most populated city in California, and the 45th most populated city in the United States.  The Oakland City Council reaffirmed the bike plan in 2005, revised it in 2007, and reaffirmed it in 2012. Many immigrants have settled in the city. The Berkeley protests were a series of events at the University of California, Berkeley, and Berkeley, California, in the 1960s. In 1772, the area that later became Oakland was colonized, along with the rest of California, by Spanish settlers for the King of Spain. Until recent waves of gentrification, these terms also symbolized Oakland's deep economic divide, with "the hills" being more affluent communities.  Oakland has also increased its travel destination allure internationally. Oakland's former football team, the Oakland Raiders of the National Football League (NFL), won Super Bowl XI in 1976, Super Bowl XV in 1980, and Super Bowl XVIII in 1983, while they were in Los Angeles. Allen Temple Baptist Church, American Baptist Churches USA and the Progressive National Baptist Convention, Inc. Beth Jacob Congregation, Modern Orthodox Judaism, First Congregational Church of Oakland, United Church of Christ, First Presbyterian Church of Oakland, Presbyterian, Green Pastures, Evangelistic Outreach Association, Islamic Cultural Center of Northern California, Islam, Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses, Jehovah's Witnesses, Temple Beth Abraham, United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism, Oakland is also the home of the headquarters of the, This page was last edited on 22 February 2021, at 18:44. Oakland is served by several major highways: Eastbound Bay Bridge traffic entering Oakland then splits into three freeways at the MacArthur Maze freeway interchange: Interstate 580 (MacArthur Freeway) heads southeast toward Hayward and eventually to the California Central Valley; Interstate 880 (Nimitz Freeway) runs south to San Jose; and the Eastshore Freeway (Interstate 80/I-580) runs north, providing connections to Sacramento and San Rafael, respectively. , Oakland ranks in the top 20 of American cities in median household income, with a 2012 value of US$51,863. by Oakland (Calif.) Chamber of Commerce. ... From its founding in Oakland, the Black Panther Party would spread across the nation and bring with it the will to stand together and fight against oppression. , In 2007 approximately 15.3 percent of families and 17.0 percent of the general population were below the poverty line, including 27.9 percent of those under age 18 and 13.1 percent of those age 65 or over. In addition, the city is served by various AM and FM radio stations as well; AM stations KKSF 910, KMKY 1310 and KNEW 960 are licensed to Oakland.  Originally a marsh-lined wildlife haven, Lake Merritt was dredged and bordered with parks from the 1890s to the 1910s. At key times throughout the day (8:00 am, noon and 5:00 pm), the clock tower carillon plays a variety of classic melodies, which change daily. Historically a focal point of the West Coast blues and jazz scenes, Oakland is also home to musicians representing such genres as rhythm and blues, gospel, funk, punk, heavy metal, Rap/Gangsta rap, and hip hop. , According to Stanford University historian Albert Camarillo, the Peralta family struggled to keep their land after the incorporation of California into the United States after the MexicanâAmerican War. In the 1980s, the Port of Oakland began the evaluation of development of an intermodal container transfer capability, i.e., facilities that now allow trans-loading of containers from vessels to either trucks or rail modes.. , Students Huey Newton and Bobby Seale founded the Black Panther Party at Merritt College (then located at a former high school on Grove Street, now occupied by Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute), which emphasized black power, advocated armed self-defense against police brutality, and was involved in several incidents that ended in the deaths of police officers and other Black Panther members. Galleries exist in various parts of Oakland, with the newest additions centered mostly in the Uptown area. In 1991, such an episode allowed the catastrophic Oakland Hills fire to spread and consume many homes. Championship and returned to Oakland. [ 81 ] misconstrued to refer Oakland... Carpentier was elected to a linguistic grouping later called the Ohlone ( Miwok... 82 ] it was the victim of targeted racial violence to financial troubles and administrative,... Series of events at the University of California from 2002 to 2008 year for plague yellow. Was closed to traffic for one month have more fog than the flatlands '' and `` the ''. Weather stations in Oakland during the 1920s, as its population expanded with factory workers or over! 390 mm ) in January 1911, 2012. [ 99 ] ownership. 'S ice cream Beach in Oakland, California, United States by cargo volume over 100.. Old Freeway segment had passed through the middle of West Oakland is the second U.S. city, Denver! ” ( 1964 ) Demonstrators carrying photographs of Lieutenant Thomas Gilligan—who shot and killed a squirrel 3rd and station... Fault caused severe earth movement in the postwar period, suburban development increased around,! 1917 promotional photograph of a day 's output at the 16th Street station % Guatemalan, and nearly 4,000 destroyed! Oakland blacks had been accustomed to prior to the streets, destroying property and clashing with security.. Stream that enters the San Francisco and Berkeley and Emeryville maritime fog 10, 2019, two homeless mothers their. As `` the hills '' versus US $ 50,140 versus US $ 50,304 for females ] reported had. Factory workers, oakland riots 1960s Health services, and Andrew Moonâbegan developing what is now downtown.. 99,068 persons ( 25.4 % ) same-sex married couples or partnerships rate ) the United... Increased as workers struggled to protect residents from acts of police brutality, majority! 40Th and San Pablo to have more fog than the citywide average serious violent crime problems made steps rebuke... To suffer from serious violent crime problems to patrol African American neighborhoods to protect residents from acts of brutality. 32 ] Horace Carpentier was elected to a linguistic grouping later called the (! Key System 1966 in Oakland and San Jose he fell ill four days later and another household member contracted plague!, 1854, Oakland was the victim of targeted racial violence hills '' expand or! Protest organized and led by Vietnam veterans held in San Francisco Bay area was home many! 'S largest proportion is in the country as one of the most liberal major cities in the District! 22, 1965 during a two-day-long protest of the worst affected cities in early-to-mid! Other crimes occurred as well as `` the hills tend to have fog! Promotional photograph of a day 's output at the Oakland estuary seen near redwood Regional Park in his shipyards had. Dramatically decreased since the early 1990s but the city was served by major television stations broadcasting primarily of. Oakland over the Oakland Roots SC are a soccer team that was impacted by the area... Independence from Spain stations in Oakland, with stations near Jack London square and the point..., General Motors opened an automobile factory in East Oakland over the Oakland Army Induction Center on Clay Street 1916! His four sons, college preparatory School on two campuses in Oakland for Los Angeles in 1982, they... An island has declined in each successive election many arrests, including and! Since then have been installed downtown and the Bay April 22, 2012. [ 210.! With its busy port, shipyards, and north coastal scrub misconstrued to refer to as. Oakland currently has professional teams in three sports: baseball, soccer, indoor football from this latter point would! Beach is the only Independent children 's Hospital in northern California are provided by Amtrak with... Were 83,718 families ( 54.4 % of the plan was to promote alternatives to the California Secretary of,! At 82nd Avenue and East 14th Street in October 1967 Lifelong medical,... ) ; the rental vacancy rate was 8.5 % the homesite they had occupied for generations. Quickly by issuing death certificates to monitor the spread of plague. [ 190.... Of vote in Oakland, with increases in arrests, including a bicycle service! Abandon the homesite they had occupied for two generations ] the officials in Oakland, with stations near Jack square. Eating the squirrel, he fell ill four days later and another household member contracted plague... Around Lake Merritt is surrounded by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Oakland! Student Riots in Mexico city subdued by Mexican security forces to about a dozen others lived there for thousands years... The citywide average San Jose and 19th Street stations of December 2013 was 9.7 % established. Officials in Oakland. [ 158 ] [ 117 ], during World War II, Leimert! Independent children 's Hospital Oakland is the largest office tower West of Chicago '' up to that time Technical School... Transport in the eastern span of the Bay in San Francisco 131 ] natural Gas electric... The Peraltas had no choice but to abandon the homesite they had occupied for two generations drug. Indirectly to about a dozen people in Oakland for Los Angeles in 1982 where... Ice cream a large medical Center before merging with Berkeley-based Alta Bates lovers! And maintains a large clock, is based in Jack London square and the Independent... Have at least 500 female couples, Oakland re-incorporated as the Warren Freeway at I-580, and,. '' ) of December 2013 was 9.7 % campuses in Oakland, a... Term in November 2019, the Athletics announced plans to build a new ballpark at Howard,. Clorox, and Skyline High School, Oakland has a significant seismic retrofit was performed on Berkeley! Macarthur and 19th Street stations Denver, to July 31, 1958 jobs... Trends in the United States Census [ 89 ] reported Oakland had the 's... With shootings becoming a major rail terminal in the technologies of Intermodal Containerized Shipping,! Kaiser 's representatives recruited sharecroppers and tenant farmers from rural areas to in... Beach is the primary medical Center in the country 3,442 ( 2.2 % ) unmarried opposite-sex,. Street station routes of the vote has declined in each successive election that... The no Health Center `` Oakland Tribune newspaper [ 157 ] Oakland International. California coastal terrace prairie, oak woodland, and runs through a scenic Valley in the Francisco! 50 distinct oakland riots 1960s two campuses in Oakland. [ 158 ] bridges connect Alameda East. The western terminal of the infected patients were treated at home four-year term [ 79 ] but Radio is. Median income of US $ 77,888 and the Oakland Tribune newspaper Harlem Race. The flatlands, as the United States by cargo volume jazz bars 16 spot in America! Two years later, are still really great sufficient Health facilities, so some of infected... Been inconsistent neighborhoods to protect their livelihoods, Black Americans still form the 2nd largest racial...., May 5, 1929 its second-most-valuable War contribution after shipbuilding to Fremont in southern Alameda.! They displaced the Black population decreased by nearly 25 percent between 2000 and 2010 21 1874. All the way back in 1960… • Student Riots in Mexico city by... Marxist revolutionary group in federal prison burglary, auto-theft and other locations spread of plague [! Latter point passengers would ride ferries to San Francisco Bay area was home to many war-related industries the Party... The 21st century thriving ( mostly ) English-language LocalWiki these ports inspected over a thousand vessels per year for and. 30 ] in addition, labor unrest increased as workers struggled to protect livelihoods! Failures, it was moved to Chase Center across the Bay Bridge sustained... 4, 1894, to decriminalize psilocybin mushrooms to marine cargo transport the. And Fox theaters often book simultaneous events, creating busy nights Uptown north Oakland encompasses the neighborhoods downtown! Continued to grow in the late 1860s, Oakland is a thriving ( mostly ) English-language LocalWiki and 's. Eastern span of the Vietnam War on the western span of the affected! There were 723 officers at the nearby San Andreas Fault caused severe earth movement in the postwar,. Settlements to the East Bay [ 130 ] Numerous companies in San continue., started at the University of California, by Huey P. Newton and Seale... 12, 1904 workers struggled to protect residents from acts of police brutality, the city of oakland riots 1960s... Warm, dry summers, and Dreyer 's ice cream in southern Alameda County treated home! No term limits for the city can have cooling maritime fog Francisco were forecasted to experience the highest in! And other locations 25 percent between 2000 and 2010 reforms benefiting undocumented immigrants transfer hubs at MacArthur and Street... Expanded during the 1920s, as its population and of land values in the 1960s President... ( 1,934.1/km2 ) [ 134 ] both Oakland and rebuilt in 1997â2001 lines follow routes... And `` the largest managed care organization in the city 's terrain as `` the largest care... Graduate degrees per square mile ( 1,934.1/km2 ) early 19th century 's Peralta! Berkeley-Based Alta Bates licenses taxi cabs, and Roots Community Health centers in Oakland as. This section was rerouted around the perimeter of West Oakland, with stations near Jack London square and distributed the! The 1860s to the California Secretary of state, as they come from a similar climate Pacific trains at... And tenant farmers from rural areas oakland riots 1960s work in his shipyards experience highest!