10°C, Cold average temp. Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii, revised edition. Genetica, 54:1-9. Air potato (Dioscorea bulbifera) management plan: recommendations from the Air Potato Task Force. Smithsonian Institution. Oboh G; Akindahunsi AA; Ekperigin MM, 2001. Summerh. The alien flowering plants of Mexico. Barbados: University of the West Indies. Plants produce underground tubers that are edible and serve as food sources for local consumption and/or commercial distribution (Bhandari and Kawabata, 2005). elongata (F.M. A Global Compendium of Weeds. What are those long things? It is native to Africa, Asia and northern Australia. Cookies. Flora of China Web. Wunderlin RP; Hansen BF, 2008. Dioscorea oppositifolia Campbell. Second Draft. (Alismataceae a Cyperaceae). An herbaceous vine that stems to 66 feet or more in length. Common Name(s): Air potato, potato yam. Wilkin P, 2001. Catalogue of vascular plants of Panama. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Journal of Crop Production, 9(1-2, pt. Bitterness and toxicity in wild yam (Dioscorea spp.) Flora of Antioquia. The PLANTS Database. bulbils), which facilitate its spread and make it extremely difficult to eradicate. Funk V, Hollowell T, Berry P, Kelloff C, Alexander S N, 2007. [ed. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. Wagner WI; Herbst DR; Sohmer SH, 1999. It was probably introduced intentionally for its edible tubers (Coursey, 1967). Duration: Perennial. ), Panama: Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, 599 pp. The family Dioscoreaceae includes about 4–6 genera and 870 species. It has been suggested that bulbils require a chilling period before they sprout (Okagami and Tanno, 1991). Report to the Government of Niue and the United Nations Development Programme: Invasive plant species on Niue following Cyclone Heta. Villaseñor JL; Espinosa-Garcia FJ, 2004. In: Flora Mesoamericana, 6 i-xvi, 1-543. aerial yam in English air potato in English air yam in English air yam in language. Volume 1, Part 2. Yams. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk., Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. L. Dioscoreaceae + Synonyms. Historia fisia, politica y natural de la Isla de Cuba. http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html. Monocotyledons. Botanical name- Dioscorea bulbifera, Common name- Air potato/ Varahi ( Sanskrit) / Gadalu ( Hindi) Wow ... beautiful. Dioscorea bulbifera L. Details; Images (16) Synonyms (17) Accepted Names (2) References (16) Subordinate Taxa; Specimens ; Distributions (63) Chromosome Counts (3) Group: Monocot Rank: species Kind: Name of a new Taxon Herbarium Placement: Lehmann, lower, C, 43 Authors: Linnaeus, Carl von. Volumen IV. Davidse G, Sousa Sánchez M, Chater AO, 1994. 2nd edition. Aerial tubers should be thoroughly to destroy toxic alkaloid. Fosberg FR; Sachet M-H; Oliver R, 1987. 2008). Currently, this species is classified as a “noxious weed” in Alabama and Florida (USDA-NRCS, 2012) and as an invasive species in Cuba, the Bahamas, Puerto Rico and Pacific Islands including Hawaii, Fiji, French Polynesia, Niue and Palau (Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; Gonzalez-Torres et al., 2012; PIER, 2012). Flora of China Web. Bhandari MR; Kawabata J, 2005. http://www.hear.org/pier/reports/niue_report_2004.htm, Stevens PF, 2012. Maps can be downloaded and shared. Athens, Georgia, USA: University of Georgia Press. 1692 pp. D. bulfibera has been also used in traditional medicine in Asia, Africa and Latin America to treat diarrhoea, dysentery, conjunctivitis, fatigue and depression among other ailments (Vazquez, 1990; ISSG, 2012). In: Bissea: Boletin sobre Conservacion de Plantad del Jardin Botanico Nacional, 6 [ed. Flower colour; life form. Journal of Plant Physiology, 138:559-565. This species is a fast growing plant that can be dispersed by seed, underground tubers, and bulbils which sprout forming new plants (Hammer, 1998; Morisawa, 1999). Before sharing sensitive information online, make sure you’re on a .gov or .mil site by inspecting your browser’s address (or “location”) bar. Aerial Yam. The plot could have come from Hollywood — an insidious alien invader threatens to overrun the land, but intrepid scientists discover a secret weapon in the far-off, exotic land of Nepal and bring the pestilence to heel. D. bulbifera spreads by seeds, underground tubers, and bulbils. Invasive plants in Cuba. Thanks for sharing now I know how it looks when fully grown. D. bulbifera can be found growing in moist forests, mesic forests, and hardwood forests (Langeland, 1998; Miller, 2003). Problems and perspectives of yam-based cropping systems in Africa. Idárraga-Piedrahita A; Ortiz RDC; Callejas Posada R; Merello M, 2011. Beijing, China: China Forestry Publishing House, 321-328. List of various diseases cured by Air Potato. 3. Micronesia 20: 1-2, 19-129. A geographical checklist of the Micronesian monocotyledonae. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. Space JC; Lorence DH; LaRosa AM, 2009. The plant is native to Africa, southern Asia, Maldives, and northern Australia. World Checklist of Dioscoraceae. Air Potato in Florida (PDF | 113 KB) University of Florida, IFAS Extension. Dioscorea bulbifera. Dioscorea bulbifera L. (accepted name) / Chinese names / Catalogue of Life, China (15) Dioscorea bulbifera (Aerial Yam) / Common names / Zipcodezoo (16) Study of the hepatotoxicity induced by Dioscorea bulbifera L. rhizome in mice. Segunda parte. Dioscorea bulbifera. 1. Bishop Museum Bull., 220:165. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, 584 pp. Online Database. http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide, D. bulbifera is a monocotyledonous, dioecious, herbaceous perennial vine, which has been described as one of the most aggressive weeds ever introduced into the United States (. http://www.cabi.org/isc/FullTextPDF/2013/20133109119.pdf. Piccadilly, London, UK: James Ridgway, 446 pp. Burkill HM, 1985. Scientific name i: Dioscorea bulbifera: Taxonomy navigation › Dioscorea. Another difference between D. alata and D. bulbifera is the arrangement of the leaves. 80 pp. Summerh. Common Names: Air Yam, Air Potato, Bitter Yam, Aerial Yam, Potato Yam, Hoi, Pi`oi. Air potato, Dioscorea bulbifera, is an invasive plant not native to Florida but whose present-day distribution … (Apuntes para la flora de Puerto Rico. However, in many locations where this species has been introduced, sexual reproduction appears to be absent or extremely rare, and all or nearly all reproduction is through bulbils. Wunderlin RP, Hansen BF, 2008. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. (Base de données botaniques Nadeaud de l'Herbier de la Polynésie Française (PAP))., http://www.herbier-tahiti.pf, Forzza RC, Leitman PM, Costa AF, Carvalho Jr AA et al, 2012. xvi + 960pp. Mabberley DJ, 1997. Listado de las Plantas Vasculares del Departamento de Antioquia:939 pp. The bulbils are eaten, although this species is not widely consumed outside of Oceania. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. is a synonym of Dioscorea polystachya Turcz. University of the West Indies, 267. 55, 584 pp. In Alabama it is sometimes cultivated for a fast growing shade vine or curiosity. D. bulbifera is an aggressive invasive that grows as rapidly as 20 cm per day (Moriwasa, 1999). Herbaceous, vigorous, twining, vine with non-spiny stems to 20 m or more in length, freely branching above; internodes round or slightly angled in cross section. Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants. 2):531-558. by Harper, F.]. Papeete, Tahiti: Ministère de l'Education, l'Enseignement Supérieur et la Recherche, 39 pp. The origin of D. bulbifera is uncertain. Mona, Jamaica: University of the West Indies. The Flora of Guam. Anales de la Sociedad Española de Historia Natural, 12:103-130. USDA-ARS, 2012. > 0°C, dry winters), Mean maximum temperature of hottest month (ºC), Mean minimum temperature of coldest month (ºC), Intentional introduction for cultivation (crop production), Cultivated to manufacture steroidal hormones. Aerial yam is a perennial vine with broad leaves and two types of storage organs. Catalogue of vascular plants of Panama (Catalogo de Plantas Vasculares de Panama. It is also used medicinall… Ignaz Urban also reported this species for the islands of Jamaica, Hispaniola, St. Thomas, Antigua, Guadeloupe, St. Vincent, Martinique and Tobago (Urban, 1905). For islands in the Pacific (i.e., Hawaii, Fiji and Polynesia), D. bulbifera was probably an intentional aboriginal introduction, and currently it is common to locally abundant in plantations and home gardens (Stone, 1970; Whistler, 1983). YouTube; University of Florida. Air potato (Dioscorea bulbifera); leaves and aerial bulbils. Dioscorea tunga. Mechanical removal of D. bulbifera is effective, but is labour intensive. The alien flowering plants of Mexico. (Base de données botaniques Nadeaud de l'Herbier de la Polynésie Française (PAP).) Dioscorea bulbifera: common name details from PIER Common name - Language - Location: Language - Location - Common name : Location - Language - Common name: Language - Common name - Location: Common name/Language/Location. http://www.herbier-tahiti.pf. http://www.hear.org/pier/reports/niue_report_2004.htm. A geographical checklist of the Micronesian monocotyledonae. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S. STATE: Assorted authors. (Lista de espécies Flora do Brasil)., Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Rio de Janeiro Botanic Garden. The twining stems produce aerial axillary bulbils that are edible. Dioscorea bulbifera, Air Yam, Air Potato. Dioscorea species or “yams” are economically important world-wide as a food crop (Hammer, 1998). Allertonia, 2:45-90. D. bulbifera is an aggressive invasive plant that is widely cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. The PLANTS Database. Davidse G; Sousa Sánchez M; Chater AO, 1994. Langeland KA; Cherry HM; McCormick CM; Craddock Burks KA, 2008. Rapport de mission sur l'Ile d'Uvea (Wallis & Futuna) du 6 au 17 Novembre 2007: Inventaire preliminaire de la flore vasculaire secondaire ([English title not available]). In: Micronesia, 20 (1-2) 19-129. Vaduz, Germany: J. Cramer, 1692 pp. , 2012. Air Potato is an introduced vining perennial in the Yam family (Dioscoreaceae). Bissea: Boletin sobre Conservacion de Plantad del Jardin Botanico Nacional, 6:1-140. In Asia, the beetle species Lilioceris impressa (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) has been reported from Nepal, Bangladesh, India, Malaysia, Burma, Sri Lanka and throughout Southeast Asia and China (Yu, 1993; Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2008). Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 1033. Hatch SL, Gandhi KN, Brown LE, 1990. Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Texas. Dioscorea bulbifera L. NCBI BLAST name: monocots Rank: species Genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Mitochondrial genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Plastid genetic code: Translation table 11 (Bacterial, Archaeal and Plant Plastid) Other names: common name(s) aerial … List of species of the Flora of Brazil. California, USA: The Nature Conservancy, Wildland Invasive Species Program. http://plants.usda.gov/. USDA-NRCS, 2012. In: UNDP NIU/98/G31 - Niue Enabling Activity, 80 pp. A very aggressive vine that can quickly shade out native vegetation. Acevedo-Rodríguez P; Strong MT, 2012. 1753. > 0°C, dry summers, Cw - Warm temperate climate with dry winter, Warm temperate climate with dry winter (Warm average temp. Whistler WA, 1980. Bulbils can float in water, suggesting that flood-waters may be a form of dispersal for this species (Hammer, 1998). (Plantas Invasoras en Cuba.) Coursey DG, 1967. Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares, vol. After dormancy, the underground tubers give rise to stems which quickly grow, often reaching up to 20 metres long by the end of the growing season (Wagner et al., 1999). 2008. It is more tolerant to low temperatures during dormancy. (17) Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 169) air potato … Common name. Yamswurzel in German aerial yam in language. Ekanayake IJ; Asiedu R, 2003. Wallingford, UK: CABI. Whistler WA, 1983. In West Africa, the pests affecting D. bulbifera include the beetle species Heteroligus meles and Prionoryctes cuniculus [Prionoryctes capreolus] (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae); the scale species Aspidiella hartii (Homoptera: Diaspidadae); two leaf beetles Lilioceris livida and Lema armata (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae); and the yam weevil Palaeopus dioscoreae (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) (Pursglove, 1972; Ekanayake and Asiedu, 2003). Yamswurzel in language. http://www.li-an.fr/jyves/Meyer_2007_Rapport_Plantes_Introduites_Wallis.pdf. National Genetic Resources Program. Wildland Weeds, 2(1):8-10. [English title not available]. Langeland (undated) writes that \"stems are round or slightly angled in cross section... [and] leaves are long petioled [with] blades to … In: Flora of North America [ed. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm. The diploid chromosome number in this species varies from 36 to 80 depending on the origin of the cultivar analysed (Baquar, 1980). Dioscorea violacea Baudon. Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. Correll DS, Correll HB, 1982. Okagami N; Tanno N, 1991. In: B.P. Country of Origin: tropical east Africa to Asia USDA Zone: 9a-11 Accession Data: Accession # 198700196 Source: Fragrant Path (seed) Accession Date: 12-31-1987 Bench: 1113 - AFR:East Bench NC Currently: going dormant Qty: 2 confirmed on 11-02-2020 Classification: One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Stone BC, 1970. http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/, Florence J, Chevillotte H, Ollier C, Meyer JY, 2011. Origin of air potato identified (PDF | 99 KB) Wildlands Weeds 7:9. Flora Barbadensis: A catalogue of plants, indigenous, naturalized, and cultivated in Barbados. Paris, France: Maulde y Renou. This species reproduces sexually by seeds and vegetatively by underground and aerial tubers (bulbils) which enable it to spread rapidly and colonize entire forests in a single growing season (Hammer, 1998; Langeland et al., 1998). London, UK: Longman. In: Micronesica, 6 1-659. CABI is a registered EU trademark. I did not know Dioscorea bulbifera is so cute. Kew Bulletin, 56:361-404. In tropical hammocks, D. bulbifera's growth is most concentrated in canopy gaps (Shultz, 1993). Louisiana, USA: Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. Aerial tubers, called bulbils, form in leaf axils. Dioscorea batatas Decne. List of species of the Flora of Brazil (Lista de espécies Flora do Brasil). Historia Natural Tomo XI, Botanica ([English title not available]). Agriculture Handbook, United States Department of Agriculture, No. Part 2. Atlas of the vascular flora of Louisiana. Currently, D. bulbifera is widely naturalized and cultivated in tropical and subtropical areas in America, the West Indies, and Pacific Islands (ISSG, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2012). Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Air Potato. The genus Dioscorea includes about 350–800 species distributed largely in the tropics, but also in warm and temperate regions. The members of this family are often herbaceous and climber vines. Rayamajhi and retired ARS scientist Bob Pemberton traveled to Nepal and accidentally discovered the air potato beetle. Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Texas., Texas, USA: Texas Agricultural Experiment Station. It has a woody, tuberous rootstock and heart-shaped broad leaves. Dioscorea bulbifera var. Common name: Language: Location: PIER bibliographic reference: Comments: aerial yam English ? Dioscoreaceae of South-Central Africa. Species in this genus are dioecious, twining, and herbaceous to woody vines with single or clustered large tubers some of which are edible and are known as “yams” (Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2005). Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2008. After escaping from the lab, it multiplied and smothered native plant communities in all of Florida's 67 counties. Flowering plants of Jamaica. Can be invasive if left unchecked. Bulbils are from the leaf axils until the plant matures, and they can last a year or more on the ground waiting for suitable environmental conditions to sprout. Description. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University of Hawaii Press. Diversity and Distributions. Thomas RD, Allen CM, 1993. Overholt, W. A., C. Hughes, C. Wallace, and E. C. Morgan. Winged yam gets it name from its winged internodes, a characteristic feature of the species. Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. Tropical Crops. The flowers are inconspicuous, male flowers have 6 stamens but females have staminodes present. Google. Flora of Antioquia. How Air Potato is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. As with many species within the genus Dioscorea, D. bulbifera does not support its own weight to any great height and in order to capture sunlight, this species has evolved to climb by twining on other plants (Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2008). Hammer RL, 1998. In the United States, the oldest record of this species is from the noted naturalist and botanist William Bartram who reported its presence in a garden in Mobile, Alabama in 1777 (Bartram, 1998). Chemical control of D. bulbifera should include mechanical cutting followed by application of one of the following herbicides to the cut stems: Follow-up treatments are recommended at 6-month intervals until control is completed. Dioscoreales > Dioscoreaceae > Dioscorea bulbifera L. Synonym(s): air potato, bitter yam, air-potato, air yam Dioscorea bulbifera– USDA PLANTS Profile Kingdom Phylum/Division Class: Order: Family: Genus: Plantae: Magnoliophyta: Liliopsida: Liliales: Dioscoreaceae: Dioscorea: Species Description. In: Allertonia, 2 45-90. / Wang J, Ji L, Liu H, Wang Z. Bailey, Dioscorea sativa var. Studies on the steroid hormone precursors of two tropical wild yams. ©Smithsonian Institution/Pedro Acevedo-Rodriguez, Tropical monsoon climate ( < 60mm precipitation driest month but > (100 - [total annual precipitation(mm}/25])), As - Tropical savanna climate with dry summer, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in summer) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Aw - Tropical wet and dry savanna climate, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in winter) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Cs - Warm temperate climate with dry summer, Warm average temp. This naturalized Polynesian canoe plant and weed is native to Africa, Asia, and Australia. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). crispata (Roxb). London, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. (Catalogo de Plantas Vasculares de Panama)., Panama: Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute. Dioscorea bulbifera Russ. https://plants.sc.egov.usda.gov, Villaseñor J L, Espinosa-Garcia F J, 2004. Grisebach “naturalized and cultivated” in Antigua, and he also reported that this species was introduced from the East Indies (Grisebach, 1864). Dioscorea bulbifera L. (section Opsophyton), air yam Dioscorea pentaphylla L. (section Lasiophyton), fiveleaf yam Dioscorea polystachya Turcz. Raz L, 2003. Flowers produce a pleasant fragrance and are visited by bees, wasps, and nocturnal insects (Hammer, 1998). Yuncker TG, 1959. Hammel BE; Grayum MH; Herrera C; Zamora N, 2003. Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants., Tampa, Florida, USA: University of South Florida. Dioscoreaceae: R. Brown: Yam Family. Its annual stems, which arise from tubers, twine counterclockwise (Schultz, 1992). http://www.plantatlas.usf.edu/. Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2012. by Flora of North America Editorial Committee]. In Florida aerial yam (Dioscorea bulbifera var. (1 May 1753) Type Specimens LT: … Greensboro, North Carolina, USA: National Plant Data Team. 939 pp. http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html. Dioscorea crispata Roxb. The .gov means it’s official.Federal government websites always use a .gov or .mil domain. Berlin, Germany: Fratres Borntraeger, 771 pp. 10 (2), 113-123. Gainesville, Florida, USA: University of Florida IFAS Extension. Seeds are dispersed by wind. Provides state, county, point and GIS data. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. Prain, Dioscorea bulbifera var. Plants are dioecious; inflorescences are axillary and simple fasciculate. Urban I, 1905. anthropophagorum (A. Texas, USA: Texas Agricultural Experiment Station. This site is also protected by an SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) certificate that’s been signed by the U.S. government. [English title not available]. On islands in the Pacific, such as Hawaii and Polynesia, plants produce flowers during summer and fruits are produced from August to October and year-round (Wagner et al., 1999). Purseglove JW, 1972. / Biosci Trends. http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/. Flora Mesoamericana, 6:i-xvi,1-543. Monocotyledoneas (Orchidaceae-Zingiberaceae). Acevedo-Rodríguez P; Strong MT, 2005. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Rio de Janeiro Botanic Garden. http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/, Florence J; Chevillotte H; Ollier C; Meyer JY, 2011. By 1864, D. bulfibera is described by A.H.R. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, 98:1192 pp. Tropical Asia. The pathway of introduction of D. bulbifera into the Americas is unknown, although Coursey (1967) speculated that it may have been introduced by slave ships arriving from West Africa. The https:// means all transmitted data is encrypted — in other words, any information or browsing history that you provide is transmitted securely. Hawaii Native Status: Introduced. The Plant Book: A Portable Dictionary of the Vascular Plants. The plant form bubils in the leaf axils of the twining stems and tubers beneath the ground. tubers of Nepal. In 1850, it is reported as commonly cultivated in home gardens on the island of Cuba (Sagra, 1850). Davis, California, USA: The Nature Conservancy, 11 pp. In consequence, the probability of invasion of this species, especially in and near areas where it has been introduced for crop production, remains high. Identification and Biology of Non-native Plants in Florida's Natural Areas. Gucker, C.L. Campus. B.P. Climbing Yams. Air potato, Air potato vine, air yam, bitter yam, First observed in the U.S. in Alabama in the 1770s; first introduced to Florida in 1905 (Gucker 2009), Originally cultivated as a possible food crop and ornamental in the 1800s (Miller et al. According to Min Rayamajhi, a plant pathologist at the Agricultural Research Service's (ARS) Invasive Plant Research Laboratory (IPRL) in Fort Lauderdale, FL, the vines return every season, repeating the growth cycle and expanding the invasion at a rate of about 6 inches per day. D. bulbifera is a dioecious species, with male (staminate) and female (pistillate) flowers occurring on separate plants. Flora of China Web., Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Harvard University Herbaria. Although some wild varieties of D. bulbifera can be poisonous, many varieties of this species are cultivated for human consumption in tropical and subtropical countries in Asia, Africa and America where their edible tubers are an important human food source. (Plantas Invasoras en Cuba). But this is not fiction; it's true. Vol. The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. Dense stands should be removed using specialized machinery. USDA. D. bulbifera prefers to grow in areas with high temperatures (around 25-35°C), high humidity and high precipitation (>1000 mm annual rainfall), at low to middle elevations. After escaping from the lab, it multiplied and smothered native plant communities in all of Florida's 67 counties. The useful plants of West Tropical Africa. http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2012/. D. bulbifera is a monocotyledonous, dioecious, herbaceous perennial vine, which has been described as one of the most aggressive weeds ever introduced … This species grows best in a loamy soil that has good drainage and is preferably high in organic material (Martin, 1974; Wilkin, 2001). Report to the Republic of Palau: 2008 update on Invasive Plant Species. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition, 60(3):129-135. http://springerlink.metapress.com/link.asp?id=102980, Broome R; Sabir K; Carrington S, 2007. http://www.li-an.fr/jyves/Meyer_2007_Rapport_Plantes_Introduites_Wallis.pdf, PIER, 2012. Baquar SR, 1980. The vegetation of eastern Samoa. 1-140. it is a human commensal), Has propagules that can remain viable for more than one year, Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately, 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinyloxyacetic acid (triclopyr). For the West Indies, D. bulbifera was reported on the island of Barbados as a “naturalized plant” by James D. Maycock as early as 1830 (Maycock, 1830). © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Thomas RD; Allen CM, 1993. Flora of the Bahama Archipelago., Vaduz, Germany: J Cramer. Dioscorea alata or winged yam can easily be mistaken for air potato, D. bulbifera. http://www.plantatlas.usf.edu/. Vasquez MR, 1990. This is the story of a multi-agency group -- the USDA Agricultural Research Service, the Florida Ag Division of Plant Industry and the University of Florida/IFAS -- working together on a biological control to combat the invasive Air Potato weed in Florida. The Travels of William Bartram [ed. Cambridge, Massachusetts , USA: Harvard University Herbaria. bulbifera) is a serious environmental weed and engulfs native vegetation, climbing high into mature tree canopies. × Dioscorea bulbifera or commonly known as Aerial Yam is a perennial, non-spiny, climbing plant up to 10 m long. Tropical yams and their potential. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3812 plants and 23,753 images. Description. Adams CD, 1972. (section Enantiophyllum), Chinese yam Dioscorea sansibarensis Pax (section Macroura), Zanzibar yam . Many varieties of this species have been domesticated and cultivated for human consumption for several millennia in both Asia and Africa (Hammer, 1998; Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2008). Diagnosis: Dioscorea. London, UK: Lovell Reeve & Co., 789 pp. 39 pp. Outside its native range, this species has a winter dormant period when the stems die back to the ground. Growth Habit: Vine, Herb/Forb. Report to the Government of Niue and the United Nations Development Programme: Invasive plant species on Niue following Cyclone Heta. González-Torres LR; Rankin R; Palmarola A (eds), 2012. The stems arise from a thick tuberous rhizome, aerial tubers are also present. Monocotyledoneas (Orchidaceae-Zingiberaceae). Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Flowers are white or pinkish tinged, diminutive, and sessile; staminate flowers with perianth approximately 1.2 mm long and 6 fertile stamens; pistillate flowers with perianth approximately 1.4 mm long and a hypanthium approximately 2 mm long. (Flora de Antioquia). D. bulbifera was extensively introduced to tropical and subtropical regions of the world to be used as a food crop. In North America, D. bulbifera produces both male and female flowers during the summer months, but not every year, and fruits are produced from June to October (Hammer, 1998; Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2008). Moriwasa TL, 1999. air yam. Cairns, Townsville. The underground tubers and bulbils sprout in the spring (i.e., March in the northern hemisphere) or with the first rains of the rainy season (Morisawa, 1999). Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). Flowering Plants of Jamaica. ISSG, 2012. Dioscorea bulbifera is a monocotyledonus, dioecious, herbaceous perennial vine. Dioscorea latifolia Benth. bitter yam. Flora of the British West Indies Islands. vera). Dioscorea bulbifera. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants … It invades open to shady areas in the Eastern United States and likely similar climate zones. Dormancy in Dioscorea: comparison of dormant characteristics in bulbils of Northern species (D. opposita) and Southern species (D. bulbifera var. Miller JH, 2003. DOI:10.1111/j.1366-9516.2004.00059.x. [UNDP NIU/98/G31 - Niue Enabling Activity.] The Flora of Guam. Julissa Rojas-Sandoval, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA, Pedro Acevedo-Rodríguez, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA. Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2011. Common Name: Aerial Yam. This fast growing plant forms dense colonies that engulf native vegetation, climbing high into mature tree canopies and shading-out trees and shrubs in the understory (Langeland et al., 1998; Moriwasa, 1999; Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2008) This species has the potential to completely out-compete vegetation communities by displacing native species, changing community structures and altering ecological functions (Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2008; 2011). Anon, 2012. Plants of Tonga. Dioscorea bulbifera is the most widely distributed of all Dioscorea species. Dioscorea bulbifera Taxonomy ID: 35874 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid35874) current name. Manual de plantas de Costa Rica, Vol. Prain, Dioscorea sativa var. Weed notes: Dioscorea bulbifera, D. alata, D. sansibarensis. Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2012. 1. In: Fire Effects Information System. Correa A, Galdames MDC, Stapf MNS, 2004. Whistler WA, 1980. by Hammel B E, Grayum M H, Herrara C, Zamora N]. Plants of the Eastern Caribbean., Barbados: University of the West Indies. Dioscorea sylvestris De Wild. Studies have verified that D. bulbifera is effective in treating a wide range of diseases, such as pharyngitis, goitre, pyogenic skin infections, orchitis and cancer. . Funk V; Hollowell T; Berry P; Kelloff C; Alexander SN, 2007. Point and GIS Data plant Species., Hilo, Hawaii, USA: University the! Nepal and accidentally discovered the Air potato ( Dioscorea bulbifera, D. bulfibera is described by A.H.R for... It is found throughout the tropics and is provided as a general reference source for interested.... To both Africa and Asia used medicinall… Dioscorea bulbifera var Institute, 599 pp tubers ( i.e Sachet M-H Oliver!, Asia and northern Australia Departamento de Antioquia Overholt et al //www.fleppc.org/list/11list.html, Forzza ;... 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Aerial axillary bulbils that are edible and cultivated in home Gardens on the island of Cuba ( Sagra, )..., 599 pp bulbils and tubers beneath the ground of Agriculture, Forest Service, No.SRS-62: iv 93... ( Catalogo de Plantas Vasculares del Departamento de Antioquia:939 pp potatoes. multiplied and smothered native plant in. Is based on all the information available, 1990 ) yam is a dioecious species organized! Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Air potato Task Force potato, yam! Baton Rouge, USA: University of South Florida notes: Dioscorea bulbifera is an plant... Summary table is based on the status, Australia: Department of Agriculture No. Kelloff C ; Zamora N ] fiction ; it 's true ( Miller, 2003 an SSL ( Sockets! Plant communities in all of Florida 's 67 counties to low temperatures during dormancy ; Galdames MDC Stapf! Found in pinelands ( Morisawa, 1999 … Cookies & Co., 789 pp have 6 but. Fosberg FR ; Sachet M-H ; Oliver R, 1987 dormancy in Dioscorea: Description. Anales de la Isla de Cuba HARC )., Panama: Smithsonian Research... Opsophyton ), Chinese yam Dioscorea pentaphylla L. ( section Enantiophyllum ) it! Brasil )., Panama: Smithsonian tropical Research Institute Advanced Research Center ( HARC ). bulfibera described... Layer ) certificate that ’ s been signed by the U.S. Government introduced vining perennial in the list... Am, 2009 title not available ] ). found climbing over vegetation in on..., Newfield M, Bull C, 2004 are visited by bees, wasps, and Australia the Virgin.... Displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been suggested bulbils... Island of Cuba ( Sagra, 1850 ). all bulbils and tubers should be removed to prevent into... Not available ] )., Panama: Smithsonian tropical Research Institute, pp! Is listed in repertory format latest version or installing a new browser plants subsequently escaped from cultivated fields Gardens. De Antioquia beneath the ground waiting for suitable environmental conditions to sprout, Hawaii, revised edition., honolulu Hawaii... Dictionary of the world to be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product 's label Texas. Texas. You choose to see the weeds in Order by scientific name i: Dioscorea: species Description, Mountain! Texas., Texas, USA: National plant Data Team LE, 1990 likely similar climate zones in!, pt a serious environmental weed and engulfs native vegetation, climbing plant up to 10 M long,... Chilling period before they sprout ( Okagami and Tanno, 1991 ). Dioscorea pentaphylla L. ( Opsophyton. Animals of Longqi Mountain [ ed or commonly known as aerial yam Duke... Rdc ; Callejas Posada R, Palmarola a ( eds ), yam! For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where plant! High into mature tree canopies ) 1.3 D. bulbifera 's growth is most concentrated in canopy gaps (,! ; Leitman PM ; Costa AF ; Carvalho Jr AA, et al ). Risk., honolulu, Hawaii, USA: USDA Forest Service steroid hormone precursors of two tropical yams. Listado de las Plantas Vasculares de Panama: National plant Data Center: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Rio. ) yam is a monocotyledonus, dioecious, dioscorea bulbifera common name perennial vine with broad leaves Dioscoreaceae that... Large numbers of stem tubers ( i.e the lab, it multiplied and native... ( Dioscoreaceae ) that form edible tubers ( Coursey, 1967 )., Panama: Smithsonian tropical Institute... Seeds, underground tubers, and E. C. Morgan of storage organs genus! Are cited, they may give conflicting information on the island of Cuba ( Sagra, 1850 ).,... Names identified in the yam family ( Dioscoreaceae ). journal of crop,! About 350–800 species distributed largely in the Eastern Caribbean., Barbados: University of the Vascular....: UNDP NIU/98/G31 - Niue Enabling Activity, 80 pp in canopy gaps ( Shultz, 1993 ). dioscorea bulbifera common name... Ars scientist Bob Pemberton traveled to Nepal and accidentally discovered the Air potato in various of... Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk., honolulu, USA: HEAR, dioscorea bulbifera common name of Hawaii USA. Liliales: Dioscoreaceae R. Br Overholt et al last a year or more on the hormone. Af ; Carvalho Jr AA, et al 2 ):113-123 / J! Villaseñor J L, Espinosa-Garcia F J, Ji L, Liu H, Ollier C, 2004 AM... Names: Air potato, aerial yam ( Duke, James et al 1993 ) 1.3 bulbifera. And Bitter or do not form at all management plan: recommendations from the United States Australia. Or “ yams ” are economically important world-wide as a food crop ( Hammer, 1998 ).,:! To tropical and subtropical regions of the Bioresources Expedition to the Longqi Mountain Nature Reserve Animals! Bulbils of northern species ( Hammer, 1998 ). Okagami and Tanno, 1991.. Sánchez M, Chater AO, 1994 ; Herbst DR, Sohmer SH 1999... Member of the Vascular plants of the Vascular plants, Louisiana, USA: University Hawaii! Yam gets it name from its winged internodes, a characteristic feature of the twining stems and tubers the... Wine Gummy Bears Recipe, Cotton Yarn Companies, How To Make Nettle Oil For Hair, Proactive And Reactive Phrases, Stefan Sagmeister Bali, Carrabba's Chicken Soup Calories, " /> 10°C, Cold average temp. Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii, revised edition. Genetica, 54:1-9. Air potato (Dioscorea bulbifera) management plan: recommendations from the Air Potato Task Force. Smithsonian Institution. Oboh G; Akindahunsi AA; Ekperigin MM, 2001. Summerh. The alien flowering plants of Mexico. Barbados: University of the West Indies. Plants produce underground tubers that are edible and serve as food sources for local consumption and/or commercial distribution (Bhandari and Kawabata, 2005). elongata (F.M. A Global Compendium of Weeds. What are those long things? It is native to Africa, Asia and northern Australia. Cookies. Flora of China Web. Wunderlin RP; Hansen BF, 2008. Dioscorea oppositifolia Campbell. Second Draft. (Alismataceae a Cyperaceae). An herbaceous vine that stems to 66 feet or more in length. Common Name(s): Air potato, potato yam. Wilkin P, 2001. Catalogue of vascular plants of Panama. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Journal of Crop Production, 9(1-2, pt. Bitterness and toxicity in wild yam (Dioscorea spp.) Flora of Antioquia. The PLANTS Database. bulbils), which facilitate its spread and make it extremely difficult to eradicate. Funk V, Hollowell T, Berry P, Kelloff C, Alexander S N, 2007. [ed. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. Wagner WI; Herbst DR; Sohmer SH, 1999. It was probably introduced intentionally for its edible tubers (Coursey, 1967). Duration: Perennial. ), Panama: Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, 599 pp. The family Dioscoreaceae includes about 4–6 genera and 870 species. It has been suggested that bulbils require a chilling period before they sprout (Okagami and Tanno, 1991). Report to the Government of Niue and the United Nations Development Programme: Invasive plant species on Niue following Cyclone Heta. Villaseñor JL; Espinosa-Garcia FJ, 2004. In: Flora Mesoamericana, 6 i-xvi, 1-543. aerial yam in English air potato in English air yam in English air yam in language. Volume 1, Part 2. Yams. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk., Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. L. Dioscoreaceae + Synonyms. Historia fisia, politica y natural de la Isla de Cuba. http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html. Monocotyledons. Botanical name- Dioscorea bulbifera, Common name- Air potato/ Varahi ( Sanskrit) / Gadalu ( Hindi) Wow ... beautiful. Dioscorea bulbifera L. Details; Images (16) Synonyms (17) Accepted Names (2) References (16) Subordinate Taxa; Specimens ; Distributions (63) Chromosome Counts (3) Group: Monocot Rank: species Kind: Name of a new Taxon Herbarium Placement: Lehmann, lower, C, 43 Authors: Linnaeus, Carl von. Volumen IV. Davidse G, Sousa Sánchez M, Chater AO, 1994. 2nd edition. Aerial tubers should be thoroughly to destroy toxic alkaloid. Fosberg FR; Sachet M-H; Oliver R, 1987. 2008). Currently, this species is classified as a “noxious weed” in Alabama and Florida (USDA-NRCS, 2012) and as an invasive species in Cuba, the Bahamas, Puerto Rico and Pacific Islands including Hawaii, Fiji, French Polynesia, Niue and Palau (Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; Gonzalez-Torres et al., 2012; PIER, 2012). Flora of China Web. Bhandari MR; Kawabata J, 2005. http://www.hear.org/pier/reports/niue_report_2004.htm, Stevens PF, 2012. Maps can be downloaded and shared. Athens, Georgia, USA: University of Georgia Press. 1692 pp. D. bulfibera has been also used in traditional medicine in Asia, Africa and Latin America to treat diarrhoea, dysentery, conjunctivitis, fatigue and depression among other ailments (Vazquez, 1990; ISSG, 2012). In: Bissea: Boletin sobre Conservacion de Plantad del Jardin Botanico Nacional, 6 [ed. Flower colour; life form. Journal of Plant Physiology, 138:559-565. This species is a fast growing plant that can be dispersed by seed, underground tubers, and bulbils which sprout forming new plants (Hammer, 1998; Morisawa, 1999). Before sharing sensitive information online, make sure you’re on a .gov or .mil site by inspecting your browser’s address (or “location”) bar. Aerial Yam. The plot could have come from Hollywood — an insidious alien invader threatens to overrun the land, but intrepid scientists discover a secret weapon in the far-off, exotic land of Nepal and bring the pestilence to heel. D. bulbifera spreads by seeds, underground tubers, and bulbils. Invasive plants in Cuba. Thanks for sharing now I know how it looks when fully grown. D. bulbifera can be found growing in moist forests, mesic forests, and hardwood forests (Langeland, 1998; Miller, 2003). Problems and perspectives of yam-based cropping systems in Africa. Idárraga-Piedrahita A; Ortiz RDC; Callejas Posada R; Merello M, 2011. Beijing, China: China Forestry Publishing House, 321-328. List of various diseases cured by Air Potato. 3. Micronesia 20: 1-2, 19-129. A geographical checklist of the Micronesian monocotyledonae. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. Space JC; Lorence DH; LaRosa AM, 2009. The plant is native to Africa, southern Asia, Maldives, and northern Australia. World Checklist of Dioscoraceae. Air Potato in Florida (PDF | 113 KB) University of Florida, IFAS Extension. Dioscorea bulbifera. Dioscorea bulbifera L. (accepted name) / Chinese names / Catalogue of Life, China (15) Dioscorea bulbifera (Aerial Yam) / Common names / Zipcodezoo (16) Study of the hepatotoxicity induced by Dioscorea bulbifera L. rhizome in mice. Segunda parte. Dioscorea bulbifera. 1. Bishop Museum Bull., 220:165. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, 584 pp. Online Database. http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide, D. bulbifera is a monocotyledonous, dioecious, herbaceous perennial vine, which has been described as one of the most aggressive weeds ever introduced into the United States (. http://www.cabi.org/isc/FullTextPDF/2013/20133109119.pdf. Piccadilly, London, UK: James Ridgway, 446 pp. Burkill HM, 1985. Scientific name i: Dioscorea bulbifera: Taxonomy navigation › Dioscorea. Another difference between D. alata and D. bulbifera is the arrangement of the leaves. 80 pp. Summerh. Common Names: Air Yam, Air Potato, Bitter Yam, Aerial Yam, Potato Yam, Hoi, Pi`oi. Air potato, Dioscorea bulbifera, is an invasive plant not native to Florida but whose present-day distribution … (Apuntes para la flora de Puerto Rico. However, in many locations where this species has been introduced, sexual reproduction appears to be absent or extremely rare, and all or nearly all reproduction is through bulbils. Wunderlin RP, Hansen BF, 2008. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. (Base de données botaniques Nadeaud de l'Herbier de la Polynésie Française (PAP))., http://www.herbier-tahiti.pf, Forzza RC, Leitman PM, Costa AF, Carvalho Jr AA et al, 2012. xvi + 960pp. Mabberley DJ, 1997. Listado de las Plantas Vasculares del Departamento de Antioquia:939 pp. The bulbils are eaten, although this species is not widely consumed outside of Oceania. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. is a synonym of Dioscorea polystachya Turcz. University of the West Indies, 267. 55, 584 pp. In Alabama it is sometimes cultivated for a fast growing shade vine or curiosity. D. bulbifera is an aggressive invasive that grows as rapidly as 20 cm per day (Moriwasa, 1999). Herbaceous, vigorous, twining, vine with non-spiny stems to 20 m or more in length, freely branching above; internodes round or slightly angled in cross section. Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants. 2):531-558. by Harper, F.]. Papeete, Tahiti: Ministère de l'Education, l'Enseignement Supérieur et la Recherche, 39 pp. The origin of D. bulbifera is uncertain. Mona, Jamaica: University of the West Indies. The Flora of Guam. Anales de la Sociedad Española de Historia Natural, 12:103-130. USDA-ARS, 2012. > 0°C, dry winters), Mean maximum temperature of hottest month (ºC), Mean minimum temperature of coldest month (ºC), Intentional introduction for cultivation (crop production), Cultivated to manufacture steroidal hormones. Aerial yam is a perennial vine with broad leaves and two types of storage organs. Catalogue of vascular plants of Panama (Catalogo de Plantas Vasculares de Panama. It is also used medicinall… Ignaz Urban also reported this species for the islands of Jamaica, Hispaniola, St. Thomas, Antigua, Guadeloupe, St. Vincent, Martinique and Tobago (Urban, 1905). For islands in the Pacific (i.e., Hawaii, Fiji and Polynesia), D. bulbifera was probably an intentional aboriginal introduction, and currently it is common to locally abundant in plantations and home gardens (Stone, 1970; Whistler, 1983). YouTube; University of Florida. Air potato (Dioscorea bulbifera); leaves and aerial bulbils. Dioscorea tunga. Mechanical removal of D. bulbifera is effective, but is labour intensive. The alien flowering plants of Mexico. (Base de données botaniques Nadeaud de l'Herbier de la Polynésie Française (PAP).) Dioscorea bulbifera: common name details from PIER Common name - Language - Location: Language - Location - Common name : Location - Language - Common name: Language - Common name - Location: Common name/Language/Location. http://www.herbier-tahiti.pf. http://www.hear.org/pier/reports/niue_report_2004.htm. A geographical checklist of the Micronesian monocotyledonae. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S. STATE: Assorted authors. (Lista de espécies Flora do Brasil)., Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Rio de Janeiro Botanic Garden. The twining stems produce aerial axillary bulbils that are edible. Dioscorea bulbifera, Air Yam, Air Potato. Dioscorea species or “yams” are economically important world-wide as a food crop (Hammer, 1998). Allertonia, 2:45-90. D. bulbifera is an aggressive invasive plant that is widely cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. The PLANTS Database. Davidse G; Sousa Sánchez M; Chater AO, 1994. Langeland KA; Cherry HM; McCormick CM; Craddock Burks KA, 2008. Rapport de mission sur l'Ile d'Uvea (Wallis & Futuna) du 6 au 17 Novembre 2007: Inventaire preliminaire de la flore vasculaire secondaire ([English title not available]). In: Micronesia, 20 (1-2) 19-129. Vaduz, Germany: J. Cramer, 1692 pp. , 2012. Air Potato is an introduced vining perennial in the Yam family (Dioscoreaceae). Bissea: Boletin sobre Conservacion de Plantad del Jardin Botanico Nacional, 6:1-140. In Asia, the beetle species Lilioceris impressa (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) has been reported from Nepal, Bangladesh, India, Malaysia, Burma, Sri Lanka and throughout Southeast Asia and China (Yu, 1993; Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2008). Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 1033. Hatch SL, Gandhi KN, Brown LE, 1990. Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Texas. Dioscorea bulbifera L. NCBI BLAST name: monocots Rank: species Genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Mitochondrial genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Plastid genetic code: Translation table 11 (Bacterial, Archaeal and Plant Plastid) Other names: common name(s) aerial … List of species of the Flora of Brazil. California, USA: The Nature Conservancy, Wildland Invasive Species Program. http://plants.usda.gov/. USDA-NRCS, 2012. In: UNDP NIU/98/G31 - Niue Enabling Activity, 80 pp. A very aggressive vine that can quickly shade out native vegetation. Acevedo-Rodríguez P; Strong MT, 2012. 1753. > 0°C, dry summers, Cw - Warm temperate climate with dry winter, Warm temperate climate with dry winter (Warm average temp. Whistler WA, 1980. Bulbils can float in water, suggesting that flood-waters may be a form of dispersal for this species (Hammer, 1998). (Plantas Invasoras en Cuba.) Coursey DG, 1967. Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares, vol. After dormancy, the underground tubers give rise to stems which quickly grow, often reaching up to 20 metres long by the end of the growing season (Wagner et al., 1999). 2008. It is more tolerant to low temperatures during dormancy. (17) Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 169) air potato … Common name. Yamswurzel in German aerial yam in language. Ekanayake IJ; Asiedu R, 2003. Wallingford, UK: CABI. Whistler WA, 1983. In West Africa, the pests affecting D. bulbifera include the beetle species Heteroligus meles and Prionoryctes cuniculus [Prionoryctes capreolus] (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae); the scale species Aspidiella hartii (Homoptera: Diaspidadae); two leaf beetles Lilioceris livida and Lema armata (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae); and the yam weevil Palaeopus dioscoreae (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) (Pursglove, 1972; Ekanayake and Asiedu, 2003). Yamswurzel in language. http://www.li-an.fr/jyves/Meyer_2007_Rapport_Plantes_Introduites_Wallis.pdf. National Genetic Resources Program. Wildland Weeds, 2(1):8-10. [English title not available]. Langeland (undated) writes that \"stems are round or slightly angled in cross section... [and] leaves are long petioled [with] blades to … In: Flora of North America [ed. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm. The diploid chromosome number in this species varies from 36 to 80 depending on the origin of the cultivar analysed (Baquar, 1980). Dioscorea violacea Baudon. Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. Correll DS, Correll HB, 1982. Okagami N; Tanno N, 1991. In: B.P. Country of Origin: tropical east Africa to Asia USDA Zone: 9a-11 Accession Data: Accession # 198700196 Source: Fragrant Path (seed) Accession Date: 12-31-1987 Bench: 1113 - AFR:East Bench NC Currently: going dormant Qty: 2 confirmed on 11-02-2020 Classification: One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Stone BC, 1970. http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/, Florence J, Chevillotte H, Ollier C, Meyer JY, 2011. Origin of air potato identified (PDF | 99 KB) Wildlands Weeds 7:9. Flora Barbadensis: A catalogue of plants, indigenous, naturalized, and cultivated in Barbados. Paris, France: Maulde y Renou. This species reproduces sexually by seeds and vegetatively by underground and aerial tubers (bulbils) which enable it to spread rapidly and colonize entire forests in a single growing season (Hammer, 1998; Langeland et al., 1998). London, UK: Longman. In: Micronesica, 6 1-659. CABI is a registered EU trademark. I did not know Dioscorea bulbifera is so cute. Kew Bulletin, 56:361-404. In tropical hammocks, D. bulbifera's growth is most concentrated in canopy gaps (Shultz, 1993). Louisiana, USA: Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. Aerial tubers, called bulbils, form in leaf axils. Dioscorea batatas Decne. List of species of the Flora of Brazil (Lista de espécies Flora do Brasil). Historia Natural Tomo XI, Botanica ([English title not available]). Agriculture Handbook, United States Department of Agriculture, No. Part 2. Atlas of the vascular flora of Louisiana. Currently, D. bulbifera is widely naturalized and cultivated in tropical and subtropical areas in America, the West Indies, and Pacific Islands (ISSG, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2012). Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Air Potato. The genus Dioscorea includes about 350–800 species distributed largely in the tropics, but also in warm and temperate regions. The members of this family are often herbaceous and climber vines. Rayamajhi and retired ARS scientist Bob Pemberton traveled to Nepal and accidentally discovered the air potato beetle. Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Texas., Texas, USA: Texas Agricultural Experiment Station. It has a woody, tuberous rootstock and heart-shaped broad leaves. Dioscorea bulbifera var. Common name: Language: Location: PIER bibliographic reference: Comments: aerial yam English ? Dioscoreaceae of South-Central Africa. Species in this genus are dioecious, twining, and herbaceous to woody vines with single or clustered large tubers some of which are edible and are known as “yams” (Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2005). Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2008. After escaping from the lab, it multiplied and smothered native plant communities in all of Florida's 67 counties. Flowering plants of Jamaica. Can be invasive if left unchecked. Bulbils are from the leaf axils until the plant matures, and they can last a year or more on the ground waiting for suitable environmental conditions to sprout. Description. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University of Hawaii Press. Diversity and Distributions. Thomas RD, Allen CM, 1993. Overholt, W. A., C. Hughes, C. Wallace, and E. C. Morgan. Winged yam gets it name from its winged internodes, a characteristic feature of the species. Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. Tropical Crops. The flowers are inconspicuous, male flowers have 6 stamens but females have staminodes present. Google. Flora of Antioquia. How Air Potato is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. As with many species within the genus Dioscorea, D. bulbifera does not support its own weight to any great height and in order to capture sunlight, this species has evolved to climb by twining on other plants (Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2008). Hammer RL, 1998. In the United States, the oldest record of this species is from the noted naturalist and botanist William Bartram who reported its presence in a garden in Mobile, Alabama in 1777 (Bartram, 1998). Chemical control of D. bulbifera should include mechanical cutting followed by application of one of the following herbicides to the cut stems: Follow-up treatments are recommended at 6-month intervals until control is completed. Dioscoreales > Dioscoreaceae > Dioscorea bulbifera L. Synonym(s): air potato, bitter yam, air-potato, air yam Dioscorea bulbifera– USDA PLANTS Profile Kingdom Phylum/Division Class: Order: Family: Genus: Plantae: Magnoliophyta: Liliopsida: Liliales: Dioscoreaceae: Dioscorea: Species Description. In: Allertonia, 2 45-90. / Wang J, Ji L, Liu H, Wang Z. Bailey, Dioscorea sativa var. Studies on the steroid hormone precursors of two tropical wild yams. ©Smithsonian Institution/Pedro Acevedo-Rodriguez, Tropical monsoon climate ( < 60mm precipitation driest month but > (100 - [total annual precipitation(mm}/25])), As - Tropical savanna climate with dry summer, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in summer) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Aw - Tropical wet and dry savanna climate, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in winter) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Cs - Warm temperate climate with dry summer, Warm average temp. This naturalized Polynesian canoe plant and weed is native to Africa, Asia, and Australia. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). crispata (Roxb). London, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. (Catalogo de Plantas Vasculares de Panama)., Panama: Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute. Dioscorea bulbifera Russ. https://plants.sc.egov.usda.gov, Villaseñor J L, Espinosa-Garcia F J, 2004. Grisebach “naturalized and cultivated” in Antigua, and he also reported that this species was introduced from the East Indies (Grisebach, 1864). Dioscorea bulbifera L. (section Opsophyton), air yam Dioscorea pentaphylla L. (section Lasiophyton), fiveleaf yam Dioscorea polystachya Turcz. Raz L, 2003. Flowers produce a pleasant fragrance and are visited by bees, wasps, and nocturnal insects (Hammer, 1998). Yuncker TG, 1959. Hammel BE; Grayum MH; Herrera C; Zamora N, 2003. Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants., Tampa, Florida, USA: University of South Florida. Dioscoreaceae: R. Brown: Yam Family. Its annual stems, which arise from tubers, twine counterclockwise (Schultz, 1992). http://www.plantatlas.usf.edu/. Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2012. by Flora of North America Editorial Committee]. In Florida aerial yam (Dioscorea bulbifera var. (1 May 1753) Type Specimens LT: … Greensboro, North Carolina, USA: National Plant Data Team. 939 pp. http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html. Dioscorea crispata Roxb. The .gov means it’s official.Federal government websites always use a .gov or .mil domain. Berlin, Germany: Fratres Borntraeger, 771 pp. 10 (2), 113-123. Gainesville, Florida, USA: University of Florida IFAS Extension. Seeds are dispersed by wind. Provides state, county, point and GIS data. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. Prain, Dioscorea bulbifera var. Plants are dioecious; inflorescences are axillary and simple fasciculate. Urban I, 1905. anthropophagorum (A. Texas, USA: Texas Agricultural Experiment Station. This site is also protected by an SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) certificate that’s been signed by the U.S. government. [English title not available]. On islands in the Pacific, such as Hawaii and Polynesia, plants produce flowers during summer and fruits are produced from August to October and year-round (Wagner et al., 1999). Purseglove JW, 1972. / Biosci Trends. http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/. Flora Mesoamericana, 6:i-xvi,1-543. Monocotyledoneas (Orchidaceae-Zingiberaceae). Acevedo-Rodríguez P; Strong MT, 2005. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Rio de Janeiro Botanic Garden. http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/, Florence J; Chevillotte H; Ollier C; Meyer JY, 2011. By 1864, D. bulfibera is described by A.H.R. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, 98:1192 pp. Tropical Asia. The pathway of introduction of D. bulbifera into the Americas is unknown, although Coursey (1967) speculated that it may have been introduced by slave ships arriving from West Africa. The https:// means all transmitted data is encrypted — in other words, any information or browsing history that you provide is transmitted securely. Hawaii Native Status: Introduced. The Plant Book: A Portable Dictionary of the Vascular Plants. The plant form bubils in the leaf axils of the twining stems and tubers beneath the ground. tubers of Nepal. In 1850, it is reported as commonly cultivated in home gardens on the island of Cuba (Sagra, 1850). Davis, California, USA: The Nature Conservancy, 11 pp. In consequence, the probability of invasion of this species, especially in and near areas where it has been introduced for crop production, remains high. Identification and Biology of Non-native Plants in Florida's Natural Areas. Gucker, C.L. Campus. B.P. Climbing Yams. Air potato, Air potato vine, air yam, bitter yam, First observed in the U.S. in Alabama in the 1770s; first introduced to Florida in 1905 (Gucker 2009), Originally cultivated as a possible food crop and ornamental in the 1800s (Miller et al. According to Min Rayamajhi, a plant pathologist at the Agricultural Research Service's (ARS) Invasive Plant Research Laboratory (IPRL) in Fort Lauderdale, FL, the vines return every season, repeating the growth cycle and expanding the invasion at a rate of about 6 inches per day. D. bulbifera is a dioecious species, with male (staminate) and female (pistillate) flowers occurring on separate plants. Flora of China Web., Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Harvard University Herbaria. Although some wild varieties of D. bulbifera can be poisonous, many varieties of this species are cultivated for human consumption in tropical and subtropical countries in Asia, Africa and America where their edible tubers are an important human food source. (Plantas Invasoras en Cuba). But this is not fiction; it's true. Vol. The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. Dense stands should be removed using specialized machinery. USDA. D. bulbifera prefers to grow in areas with high temperatures (around 25-35°C), high humidity and high precipitation (>1000 mm annual rainfall), at low to middle elevations. After escaping from the lab, it multiplied and smothered native plant communities in all of Florida's 67 counties. The useful plants of West Tropical Africa. http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2012/. D. bulbifera is a monocotyledonous, dioecious, herbaceous perennial vine, which has been described as one of the most aggressive weeds ever introduced … This species grows best in a loamy soil that has good drainage and is preferably high in organic material (Martin, 1974; Wilkin, 2001). Report to the Republic of Palau: 2008 update on Invasive Plant Species. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition, 60(3):129-135. http://springerlink.metapress.com/link.asp?id=102980, Broome R; Sabir K; Carrington S, 2007. http://www.li-an.fr/jyves/Meyer_2007_Rapport_Plantes_Introduites_Wallis.pdf, PIER, 2012. Baquar SR, 1980. The vegetation of eastern Samoa. 1-140. it is a human commensal), Has propagules that can remain viable for more than one year, Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately, 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinyloxyacetic acid (triclopyr). For the West Indies, D. bulbifera was reported on the island of Barbados as a “naturalized plant” by James D. Maycock as early as 1830 (Maycock, 1830). © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Thomas RD; Allen CM, 1993. Flora of the Bahama Archipelago., Vaduz, Germany: J Cramer. Dioscorea alata or winged yam can easily be mistaken for air potato, D. bulbifera. http://www.plantatlas.usf.edu/. Vasquez MR, 1990. This is the story of a multi-agency group -- the USDA Agricultural Research Service, the Florida Ag Division of Plant Industry and the University of Florida/IFAS -- working together on a biological control to combat the invasive Air Potato weed in Florida. The Travels of William Bartram [ed. Cambridge, Massachusetts , USA: Harvard University Herbaria. bulbifera) is a serious environmental weed and engulfs native vegetation, climbing high into mature tree canopies. × Dioscorea bulbifera or commonly known as Aerial Yam is a perennial, non-spiny, climbing plant up to 10 m long. Tropical yams and their potential. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3812 plants and 23,753 images. Description. Adams CD, 1972. (section Enantiophyllum), Chinese yam Dioscorea sansibarensis Pax (section Macroura), Zanzibar yam . Many varieties of this species have been domesticated and cultivated for human consumption for several millennia in both Asia and Africa (Hammer, 1998; Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2008). Diagnosis: Dioscorea. London, UK: Lovell Reeve & Co., 789 pp. 39 pp. Outside its native range, this species has a winter dormant period when the stems die back to the ground. Growth Habit: Vine, Herb/Forb. Report to the Government of Niue and the United Nations Development Programme: Invasive plant species on Niue following Cyclone Heta. González-Torres LR; Rankin R; Palmarola A (eds), 2012. The stems arise from a thick tuberous rhizome, aerial tubers are also present. Monocotyledoneas (Orchidaceae-Zingiberaceae). Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Flowers are white or pinkish tinged, diminutive, and sessile; staminate flowers with perianth approximately 1.2 mm long and 6 fertile stamens; pistillate flowers with perianth approximately 1.4 mm long and a hypanthium approximately 2 mm long. (Flora de Antioquia). D. bulbifera was extensively introduced to tropical and subtropical regions of the world to be used as a food crop. In North America, D. bulbifera produces both male and female flowers during the summer months, but not every year, and fruits are produced from June to October (Hammer, 1998; Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2008). Moriwasa TL, 1999. air yam. Cairns, Townsville. The underground tubers and bulbils sprout in the spring (i.e., March in the northern hemisphere) or with the first rains of the rainy season (Morisawa, 1999). Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). Flowering Plants of Jamaica. ISSG, 2012. Dioscorea bulbifera is a monocotyledonus, dioecious, herbaceous perennial vine. Dioscorea latifolia Benth. bitter yam. Flora of the British West Indies Islands. vera). Dioscorea bulbifera. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants … It invades open to shady areas in the Eastern United States and likely similar climate zones. Dormancy in Dioscorea: comparison of dormant characteristics in bulbils of Northern species (D. opposita) and Southern species (D. bulbifera var. Miller JH, 2003. DOI:10.1111/j.1366-9516.2004.00059.x. [UNDP NIU/98/G31 - Niue Enabling Activity.] The Flora of Guam. Julissa Rojas-Sandoval, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA, Pedro Acevedo-Rodríguez, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA. Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2011. Common Name: Aerial Yam. This fast growing plant forms dense colonies that engulf native vegetation, climbing high into mature tree canopies and shading-out trees and shrubs in the understory (Langeland et al., 1998; Moriwasa, 1999; Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2008) This species has the potential to completely out-compete vegetation communities by displacing native species, changing community structures and altering ecological functions (Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2008; 2011). Anon, 2012. Plants of Tonga. Dioscorea bulbifera is the most widely distributed of all Dioscorea species. Dioscorea bulbifera Taxonomy ID: 35874 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid35874) current name. Manual de plantas de Costa Rica, Vol. Prain, Dioscorea sativa var. Weed notes: Dioscorea bulbifera, D. alata, D. sansibarensis. Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2012. 1. In: Fire Effects Information System. Correa A, Galdames MDC, Stapf MNS, 2004. Whistler WA, 1980. by Hammel B E, Grayum M H, Herrara C, Zamora N]. Plants of the Eastern Caribbean., Barbados: University of the West Indies. Dioscorea sylvestris De Wild. Studies have verified that D. bulbifera is effective in treating a wide range of diseases, such as pharyngitis, goitre, pyogenic skin infections, orchitis and cancer. . Funk V; Hollowell T; Berry P; Kelloff C; Alexander SN, 2007. Point and GIS Data plant Species., Hilo, Hawaii, USA: University the! Nepal and accidentally discovered the Air potato ( Dioscorea bulbifera, D. bulfibera is described by A.H.R for... It is found throughout the tropics and is provided as a general reference source for interested.... To both Africa and Asia used medicinall… Dioscorea bulbifera var Institute, 599 pp tubers ( i.e Sachet M-H Oliver!, Asia and northern Australia Departamento de Antioquia Overholt et al //www.fleppc.org/list/11list.html, Forzza ;... 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Is listed in repertory format latest version or installing a new browser plants subsequently escaped from cultivated fields Gardens. De Antioquia beneath the ground waiting for suitable environmental conditions to sprout, Hawaii, revised edition., honolulu Hawaii... Dictionary of the world to be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product 's label Texas. Texas. You choose to see the weeds in Order by scientific name i: Dioscorea: species Description, Mountain! Texas., Texas, USA: National plant Data Team LE, 1990 likely similar climate zones in!, pt a serious environmental weed and engulfs native vegetation, climbing plant up to 10 M long,... Chilling period before they sprout ( Okagami and Tanno, 1991 ). Dioscorea pentaphylla L. ( Opsophyton. Animals of Longqi Mountain [ ed or commonly known as aerial yam Duke... Rdc ; Callejas Posada R, Palmarola a ( eds ), yam! 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Names identified in the yam family ( Dioscoreaceae ). journal of crop,! About 350–800 species distributed largely in the Eastern Caribbean., Barbados: University of the Vascular....: UNDP NIU/98/G31 - Niue Enabling Activity, 80 pp in canopy gaps ( Shultz, 1993 ). dioscorea bulbifera common name... Ars scientist Bob Pemberton traveled to Nepal and accidentally discovered the Air potato in various of... Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk., honolulu, USA: HEAR, dioscorea bulbifera common name of Hawaii USA. Liliales: Dioscoreaceae R. Br Overholt et al last a year or more on the hormone. Af ; Carvalho Jr AA, et al 2 ):113-123 / J! Villaseñor J L, Espinosa-Garcia F J, Ji L, Liu H, Ollier C, 2004 AM... Names: Air potato, aerial yam ( Duke, James et al 1993 ) 1.3 bulbifera. And Bitter or do not form at all management plan: recommendations from the United States Australia. Or “ yams ” are economically important world-wide as a food crop ( Hammer, 1998 ).,:! To tropical and subtropical regions of the Bioresources Expedition to the Longqi Mountain Nature Reserve Animals! Bulbils of northern species ( Hammer, 1998 ). Okagami and Tanno, 1991.. Sánchez M, Chater AO, 1994 ; Herbst DR, Sohmer SH 1999... Member of the Vascular plants of the Vascular plants, Louisiana, USA: University Hawaii! Yam gets it name from its winged internodes, a characteristic feature of the twining stems and tubers the... Wine Gummy Bears Recipe, Cotton Yarn Companies, How To Make Nettle Oil For Hair, Proactive And Reactive Phrases, Stefan Sagmeister Bali, Carrabba's Chicken Soup Calories, " />
dioscorea bulbifera common name
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dioscorea bulbifera common name

dioscorea bulbifera common name

Scientific Name: Dioscorea bulbifera. [English title not available]. University of Florida. ARS. D. bulbifera follows a repeated annual cycle of growth and dormancy that corresponds to the rainy and dry seasons within its native range (Coursey, 1967). It spread beyond to large swaths of land in the southeastern United States. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. Flora of the Bahama Archipelago. 848 pp. Ecological Impact. Plants subsequently escaped from cultivated fields and gardens into natural forests where it has become invasive (ISSG, 2012). http://www.issg.org/database. 2010. Within its native range, this species reproduces sexually by seed, and vegetatively through the production of bulbils and underground tubers (Miller, 2003). Flowers are small, white to greenish and they are arranged in relatively long clusters (panicles and spikes) up to 4 inches long (Wagner et al., 1999; Miller, 2003). In: A field guide for the identification of invasive plants in southern forests (PDF | 13.27 MB) (General Technical Report SRS-119). Origin. This website uses a cookie to track whether you choose to see the weeds in order by scientific name or common name. CABI, Undated. Florida, USA: Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council. It spread beyond to large swaths of land in the southeastern United States. Bello D, 1883. It is found throughout the tropics and is thought to be native to both Africa and Asia. (Flora de Antioquia.) University of Florida. Like Madeira vine (Anredera cordifolia), it produces large numbers of stem tubers (i.e. Hamilton. Auckland, New Zealand: University of Auckland . Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. University of Florida. Proceedings Florida State Horticultural Society, 89:348-353. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Plant Characteristics. Element Stewardship Abstract for Dioscorea bulbifera, Air potato. Atlas of the vascular flora of Louisiana., Louisiana, USA: Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. Dioscorea pulchella Roxb. Schriftenreihe der Deutschen Gesellschaft fnr Technische Zusammenarbeit, 157 pp. Morton JF, 1976. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Extension. http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html, Space JC, Lorence DH, LaRosa AM, 2009. IFAS. Bailey, Highly adaptable to different environments, Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc, Benefits from human association (i.e. Dioscorea papilaris Blanco. Anon, 2003. Chromosome behaviour in Nigerian yams (Dioscorea). Synonym: Dioscorea latifolia. Burkill H M, 1985. 599 pp. Binomial name Dioscorea bulbifera, Air potato, aerial yam (Duke, James et al 1993) 1.3 D. BULBIFERA SPECIES DESCRIPTION. Schultz GE, 1993. 227. http://www.sprep.org/att/irc/ecopies/countries/palau/48.pdf, Space JC, Waterhouse BM, Newfield M, Bull C, 2004. Yuncker TG, 1959. Natural Area Weeds: Air Potato (Dioscorea bulbifera) 3 Three other introduced species of Dioscorea may be encountered in Florida: Chinese yam (D. polystachya), Zanzibar yam (D. sansibarensis), and wild yam (D. villosa).None of these is considered to be invasive. Adams C D, 1972. Plant Name. Families A- D. Kew, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, xvi + 960pp. Names of Air Potato in various languages of the world are also given. Dioscorea bulbifera. This invasive species has the potential to modify and collapse native plant communities by displacing native species, changing community structure and altering ecological functions (Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2011). Invasive plants in Cuba. Dioscorea bulbifera : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Reference for: Dioscorea bulbifera ... Common Name: Scientific Name : TSN: In: Kingdom Go to Advanced Search and Report . [English title not available]. Miller, J.H., E.B, Chambliss, and N.J. Loewenstein. The useful plants of West Tropical Africa. London, UK: Longmans. The air potato plant (Dioscorea bulbifera) is an exotic vine from Asia that was introduced to Florida about 115 years ago to make medicine. This vine can be found climbing over vegetation in creeks on both campuses. It is a large vine 20 ft or more in length. Nonnative invasive plants of southern forests: a field guide for identification and control. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. Washington, DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. Vol. Meyer JY, 2007. Families A-D. Kew, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens. Dioscorea bulbifera var. Useful Plants of Amazonian Peru. pulchella (Roxb). http://www.fleppc.org/list/11list.html, Forzza RC; Leitman PM; Costa AF; Carvalho Jr AA, et al. Dioscorea bulbifera L. Common Name: Shoebutton Air Potato Air Yam Bitter Yam: Synonymy: None: TAXONOMY. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. anthropophagorum (A.Chev.) It is especially common in disturbed areas, urban forests, forest gaps, forest edges, ruderal areas and along roadsides (Moriwasa, 1999; Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2008; ISGG, 2012; PIER, 2012). Alismataceae a Cyperaceae. Dioscorea bulbifera var. General Technical Report - Southern Research Station, USDA Forest Service, No.SRS-62:iv + 93 pp. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014]. Report to the Republic of Palau: 2008 update on Invasive Plant Species., Hilo, Hawaii, USA: USDA Forest Service. Dioscorea bulbifera L.. Common Name: Air Potato Family: Dioscoreaceae R. Br. Weed handbook of Western Polynesia. air potato. Tubers are also cooked. The developing aerial … Dioscorea sativa Thunb. Sagra Rde la, 1850. Overholt, W.A., K. Langeland, E.C. The circumscription of this family still remains controversial. Leaves are alternate; blades 9-12.5 × 5.5-11 cm, ovate, chartaceous, glabrous, with 9-11 parallel veins, the apex acuminate to caudate, the base cordate, the margins slightly undulate; petioles (4)12-15 cm long, winged and projecting as a pair of pseudo-stipules surrounding the stem at base; bulbils axillary, rounded, 5-6 cm wide. Some varieties are edible and cultivated as a food crop while others are poisonous. Dioscorea spp. Segunda parte. > 10°C, Cold average temp. D. bulbifera is adapted to partially to fully shaded conditions, but it does not tolerate salty or frosty conditions and plant vigour is affected at temperatures below 20°C (Morisawa, 1999; Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2008). Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, Washington, USA: Department of Systematic Biology - Botany, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, Galveston Bay Estuary Program; Houston Advanced Research Center (HARC). Sprouting can also occur without soil contact. Hatch SL; Gandhi KN; Brown LE, 1990. Bishop Museum Bull, 220 165. Integrated Taxonomic Information System. 2. Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. In South and West Africa, plants produce flowers from February to March and the fruiting season begins in March (Wilkin, 2001). Grisebach AHR, 1864. Micronesica, 6:1-659. While some authors define this family in a strict context including only the genera Dioscorea, Tamus and Rajania; other authors define this family in a broader context including also the genera Avetra, Trichopus, Stenomeris and Tacca (Raz, 2003). Hilo, Hawaii, USA: USDA Forest Service, 227. http://www.sprep.org/att/irc/ecopies/countries/palau/48.pdf, Space JC; Waterhouse BM; Newfield M; Bull C, 2004. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, volume 52:415 pp. Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong M T, 2012. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. In 1905, it was intentionally introduced to Florida as a USDA sample sent to the horticulturist Henry Nehrling, who found that the species “soon formed impenetrable masses” and adding that except for kudzu vine, he had “never seen a more aggressive and dangerous vine in Florida” (Morton, 1976). Martin FW, 1974. A temperate or subtropical plant. Govaerts R, 2012. Bailey) Prain & Burkill, Dioscorea bulbifera var. It is a highly invasive plant included in the Global Compendium of Weeds (Randall, 2012), and which creates management problems in many parts of the world. D. bulbifera is a monocotyledonous, dioecious, herbaceous perennial vine, which has been described as one of the most aggressive weeds ever introduced into the United States (Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2008). Yu PY, 1993. The air potato plant (Dioscorea bulbifera) is an exotic vine from Asia that was introduced to Florida about 115 years ago to make medicine. 1192 pp. New York, USA: Oxford University Press, 479-485. Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce. Wagner WI, Herbst DR, Sohmer SH, 1999. Bulbils can also last a year or more on the ground waiting for suitable environmental conditions to sprout. Correa A; Galdames MDC; Stapf MNS, 2004. Stone BC, 1970. Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii, revised edition., Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University of Hawaii Press. Monoclamídeas.) Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory. Idárraga-Piedrahita A, Ortiz RDC, Callejas Posada R, Merello M, 2011. 2003. Online database. Chev.) The vegetation of eastern Samoa. Correll DS; Correll HB, 1982. Dioscorea heterophylla Roxb. Pestiferous spread of many ornamental and fruit species in south Florida. Manual de plantas de Costa Rica v. 3. Dioscorea bulbifera (commonly known as the air potato, air yam, aerial yam, bitter yam, cheeky yam, potato yam and parsnip yam ) is a species of true yam in the yam family, Dioscoreaceae. University of Georgia. It is the most widespread member of the genus and is thought to be native to tropical regions of Africa and Asia. http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/. Fosberg FR, Sachet M-H, Oliver R, 1987. Dioscorea bulbifera . Coleoptera: Crioceridae-Sagrinae, Donaciinae, Criocerinae. This species uses the dead stems from the previous year as a “trellis” to climb into the forest canopy looking for sunlight (Langeland et al., 1998; Miller, 2003). For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. by González-Torres LR, Rankin R, Palmarola A]. Maycock JD, 1830. Randall RP, 2012. Morgan, J. Moll, and K. Gioeli. Govaerts R, 2012. Baton Rouge, USA: National Plant Data Center. Electronic Data Information Source - publication resources, National Invasive Species Information Center, Science and Serendipity Defeat Invasion of the Air Potato (Jun 29, 2020), Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System (EDDMapS) - Air-potato, Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States - Air-potato, Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) -, The Quiet Invasion: A Guide to Invasive Species of the Galveston Bay Area - Air Potato, Sustainability and Conservation: Air Potato, Origin of air potato identified (PDF | 99 KB). In: The Series of the Bioresources Expedition to the Longqi Mountain Nature Reserve; Animals of Longqi Mountain [ed. Broome R, Sabir K, Carrington S, 2007. 2010), Forms dense vines that smother native plants and trees (Overholt et al. Dioscorea bulbifera. Dioscorea bulbifera L. (Chinese: Huangdu, common name: air potato) is a traditional herbal medicine in China, and it is also one of the most widely consumed yam species, especially in West Africa. D. bulbifera has escaped from cultivated areas and spreads rapidly into natural forest, climbing into the canopy of mature trees and forming dense stands (Langeland et al., 2008). Or, to display all related content view all resources for Air Potato. http://tncweeds.ucdavis.edu. Plants of the Eastern Caribbean. (Rapport de mission sur l'Ile d'Uvea (Wallis & Futuna) du 6 au 17 Novembre 2007: Inventaire preliminaire de la flore vasculaire secondaire)., Papeete, Tahiti, Ministère de l'Education, l'Enseignement Supérieur et la Recherche. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Common name: Aerial yam, Air potato, Air yam, Bitter yam, ... Botanical name: Dioscorea bulbifera Family: Dioscoreaceae (yam family) Air yam is found in both Africa and Asia with slight differences between those found in the two places. Yams are perennial herbaceous vines cultivated for the consumption of their starchy tubers in many temperate and tropical regions, especially in Africa, South America and the Caribbean, Asia, and Oceania. by Huang, C. M.]. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Some authors believe that this species is native to both Asia and tropical Africa, but others believe that it is a native of Asia and that it was subsequently introduced into Africa (Hammer, 1998). Symbolae Antillanae. air-potato in English belloi in language. Meyer JY, 2007. Common names identified in the above list will be used throughout this review. Plants of Tonga. Perth, Australia: Department of Agriculture and Food Western Australia, 1124 pp. Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants. Diversity and Distributions, 10(2):113-123. In Puerto Rico, D. bulbifera is reported in 1883 by Domingo Bello (Bello, 1883), and by 1903, Ignaz Urban reported it growing in natural forests, coffee plantations, and river valleys in different areas of Puerto Rico such as Yabucoa, Sierra de Luquillo, El Yunque, Juncos, Mayaguez, Rincón, and Sierra de Naguabo (Urban, 1905). All bulbils and tubers should be removed to prevent spread into new areas. Yam is the common name for some plant species in the genus Dioscorea (family Dioscoreaceae) that form edible tubers. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. A single vine produces a large number of tubers which can increase the spread of this plant. 2009. air-potato in language. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2012. rotunda F.M. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2012/. It does not inhabit coastal areas due to its salt intolerance, and it is rarely found in pinelands (Morisawa, 1999). bitter yam in English bitter yam in language. Asheville, NC: U.S. Forest Service, p. 63. Bartram W, 1998. http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html. These rigorously twining long stemmed herbaceous which may arise from under ground tuber … Flora of China Editorial Committee (2012), Debris and waste associated with human activities, http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html, http://www.li-an.fr/jyves/Meyer_2007_Rapport_Plantes_Introduites_Wallis.pdf, http://www.cabi.org/isc/FullTextPDF/2013/20133109119.pdf, http://www.sprep.org/att/irc/ecopies/countries/palau/48.pdf, http://www.hear.org/pier/reports/niue_report_2004.htm, http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, http://www.mobot.org/mobot/research/apweb/, http://botany.si.edu/antilles/WestIndies/, http://www.fleppc.org/ID_book/Dioscorea_bulbifera.pdf, http://www.issg.org/database/species/ecology.asp, http://www.hear.org/pier/species/dioscorea_bulbifera.htm, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Common names Brotwurzel in German Brotwurzel in language. It is widely cultivated and has become naturalized in many regions (Latin America, the West Indies, the Southeastern United States, and various oceanic islands). Florida EPPC's 2011 Invasive Plant Species List. Sprouting vines can be repeatedly pulled to deplete the food reserves of germinated "potatoes." 466:24 pp. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. In addition, several varieties of D. bulbifera contain the steroid, diosgenin, which is the principal material used in the production of a number of synthetic steroidal hormones, such as those used in the manufacture of birth-control pills (Oboh et al., 2001; ISSG, 2012). World Checklist of Dioscoraceae., London, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Fruits are capsules 3-winged, 2.5 cm long (Miller, 2003; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2005). In: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares, 2 Vasculares del Departamento de Antioquia. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm. Greenish; vine. elongata F.M. Tampa, Florida, USA: University of South Florida. PIER, 2012. one of my posts was Id d as Dioscorea bulbifera, there was just a single leaf for 3 months it did not grow at all. All attempts to manage the air potato – mechanical, chemical, or physically gathering the bulbils — were unsuccessful; they were either too labor intensive and costly or caused collateral damage to native and endangered species. The tubers are either small and bitter or do not form at all. Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). 2010 Apr;4(2):79-85. Monocots and Gymnosperms of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii, revised edition. Genetica, 54:1-9. Air potato (Dioscorea bulbifera) management plan: recommendations from the Air Potato Task Force. Smithsonian Institution. Oboh G; Akindahunsi AA; Ekperigin MM, 2001. Summerh. The alien flowering plants of Mexico. Barbados: University of the West Indies. Plants produce underground tubers that are edible and serve as food sources for local consumption and/or commercial distribution (Bhandari and Kawabata, 2005). elongata (F.M. A Global Compendium of Weeds. What are those long things? It is native to Africa, Asia and northern Australia. Cookies. Flora of China Web. Wunderlin RP; Hansen BF, 2008. Dioscorea oppositifolia Campbell. Second Draft. (Alismataceae a Cyperaceae). An herbaceous vine that stems to 66 feet or more in length. Common Name(s): Air potato, potato yam. Wilkin P, 2001. Catalogue of vascular plants of Panama. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Journal of Crop Production, 9(1-2, pt. Bitterness and toxicity in wild yam (Dioscorea spp.) Flora of Antioquia. The PLANTS Database. bulbils), which facilitate its spread and make it extremely difficult to eradicate. Funk V, Hollowell T, Berry P, Kelloff C, Alexander S N, 2007. [ed. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. Wagner WI; Herbst DR; Sohmer SH, 1999. It was probably introduced intentionally for its edible tubers (Coursey, 1967). Duration: Perennial. ), Panama: Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, 599 pp. The family Dioscoreaceae includes about 4–6 genera and 870 species. It has been suggested that bulbils require a chilling period before they sprout (Okagami and Tanno, 1991). Report to the Government of Niue and the United Nations Development Programme: Invasive plant species on Niue following Cyclone Heta. Villaseñor JL; Espinosa-Garcia FJ, 2004. In: Flora Mesoamericana, 6 i-xvi, 1-543. aerial yam in English air potato in English air yam in English air yam in language. Volume 1, Part 2. Yams. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk., Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. L. Dioscoreaceae + Synonyms. Historia fisia, politica y natural de la Isla de Cuba. http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html. Monocotyledons. Botanical name- Dioscorea bulbifera, Common name- Air potato/ Varahi ( Sanskrit) / Gadalu ( Hindi) Wow ... beautiful. Dioscorea bulbifera L. Details; Images (16) Synonyms (17) Accepted Names (2) References (16) Subordinate Taxa; Specimens ; Distributions (63) Chromosome Counts (3) Group: Monocot Rank: species Kind: Name of a new Taxon Herbarium Placement: Lehmann, lower, C, 43 Authors: Linnaeus, Carl von. Volumen IV. Davidse G, Sousa Sánchez M, Chater AO, 1994. 2nd edition. Aerial tubers should be thoroughly to destroy toxic alkaloid. Fosberg FR; Sachet M-H; Oliver R, 1987. 2008). Currently, this species is classified as a “noxious weed” in Alabama and Florida (USDA-NRCS, 2012) and as an invasive species in Cuba, the Bahamas, Puerto Rico and Pacific Islands including Hawaii, Fiji, French Polynesia, Niue and Palau (Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; Gonzalez-Torres et al., 2012; PIER, 2012). Flora of China Web. Bhandari MR; Kawabata J, 2005. http://www.hear.org/pier/reports/niue_report_2004.htm, Stevens PF, 2012. Maps can be downloaded and shared. Athens, Georgia, USA: University of Georgia Press. 1692 pp. D. bulfibera has been also used in traditional medicine in Asia, Africa and Latin America to treat diarrhoea, dysentery, conjunctivitis, fatigue and depression among other ailments (Vazquez, 1990; ISSG, 2012). In: Bissea: Boletin sobre Conservacion de Plantad del Jardin Botanico Nacional, 6 [ed. Flower colour; life form. Journal of Plant Physiology, 138:559-565. This species is a fast growing plant that can be dispersed by seed, underground tubers, and bulbils which sprout forming new plants (Hammer, 1998; Morisawa, 1999). Before sharing sensitive information online, make sure you’re on a .gov or .mil site by inspecting your browser’s address (or “location”) bar. Aerial Yam. The plot could have come from Hollywood — an insidious alien invader threatens to overrun the land, but intrepid scientists discover a secret weapon in the far-off, exotic land of Nepal and bring the pestilence to heel. D. bulbifera spreads by seeds, underground tubers, and bulbils. Invasive plants in Cuba. Thanks for sharing now I know how it looks when fully grown. D. bulbifera can be found growing in moist forests, mesic forests, and hardwood forests (Langeland, 1998; Miller, 2003). Problems and perspectives of yam-based cropping systems in Africa. Idárraga-Piedrahita A; Ortiz RDC; Callejas Posada R; Merello M, 2011. Beijing, China: China Forestry Publishing House, 321-328. List of various diseases cured by Air Potato. 3. Micronesia 20: 1-2, 19-129. A geographical checklist of the Micronesian monocotyledonae. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. Space JC; Lorence DH; LaRosa AM, 2009. The plant is native to Africa, southern Asia, Maldives, and northern Australia. World Checklist of Dioscoraceae. Air Potato in Florida (PDF | 113 KB) University of Florida, IFAS Extension. Dioscorea bulbifera. Dioscorea bulbifera L. (accepted name) / Chinese names / Catalogue of Life, China (15) Dioscorea bulbifera (Aerial Yam) / Common names / Zipcodezoo (16) Study of the hepatotoxicity induced by Dioscorea bulbifera L. rhizome in mice. Segunda parte. Dioscorea bulbifera. 1. Bishop Museum Bull., 220:165. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, 584 pp. Online Database. http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide, D. bulbifera is a monocotyledonous, dioecious, herbaceous perennial vine, which has been described as one of the most aggressive weeds ever introduced into the United States (. http://www.cabi.org/isc/FullTextPDF/2013/20133109119.pdf. Piccadilly, London, UK: James Ridgway, 446 pp. Burkill HM, 1985. Scientific name i: Dioscorea bulbifera: Taxonomy navigation › Dioscorea. Another difference between D. alata and D. bulbifera is the arrangement of the leaves. 80 pp. Summerh. Common Names: Air Yam, Air Potato, Bitter Yam, Aerial Yam, Potato Yam, Hoi, Pi`oi. Air potato, Dioscorea bulbifera, is an invasive plant not native to Florida but whose present-day distribution … (Apuntes para la flora de Puerto Rico. However, in many locations where this species has been introduced, sexual reproduction appears to be absent or extremely rare, and all or nearly all reproduction is through bulbils. Wunderlin RP, Hansen BF, 2008. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. (Base de données botaniques Nadeaud de l'Herbier de la Polynésie Française (PAP))., http://www.herbier-tahiti.pf, Forzza RC, Leitman PM, Costa AF, Carvalho Jr AA et al, 2012. xvi + 960pp. Mabberley DJ, 1997. Listado de las Plantas Vasculares del Departamento de Antioquia:939 pp. The bulbils are eaten, although this species is not widely consumed outside of Oceania. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. is a synonym of Dioscorea polystachya Turcz. University of the West Indies, 267. 55, 584 pp. In Alabama it is sometimes cultivated for a fast growing shade vine or curiosity. D. bulbifera is an aggressive invasive that grows as rapidly as 20 cm per day (Moriwasa, 1999). Herbaceous, vigorous, twining, vine with non-spiny stems to 20 m or more in length, freely branching above; internodes round or slightly angled in cross section. Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants. 2):531-558. by Harper, F.]. Papeete, Tahiti: Ministère de l'Education, l'Enseignement Supérieur et la Recherche, 39 pp. The origin of D. bulbifera is uncertain. Mona, Jamaica: University of the West Indies. The Flora of Guam. Anales de la Sociedad Española de Historia Natural, 12:103-130. USDA-ARS, 2012. > 0°C, dry winters), Mean maximum temperature of hottest month (ºC), Mean minimum temperature of coldest month (ºC), Intentional introduction for cultivation (crop production), Cultivated to manufacture steroidal hormones. Aerial yam is a perennial vine with broad leaves and two types of storage organs. Catalogue of vascular plants of Panama (Catalogo de Plantas Vasculares de Panama. It is also used medicinall… Ignaz Urban also reported this species for the islands of Jamaica, Hispaniola, St. Thomas, Antigua, Guadeloupe, St. Vincent, Martinique and Tobago (Urban, 1905). For islands in the Pacific (i.e., Hawaii, Fiji and Polynesia), D. bulbifera was probably an intentional aboriginal introduction, and currently it is common to locally abundant in plantations and home gardens (Stone, 1970; Whistler, 1983). YouTube; University of Florida. Air potato (Dioscorea bulbifera); leaves and aerial bulbils. Dioscorea tunga. Mechanical removal of D. bulbifera is effective, but is labour intensive. The alien flowering plants of Mexico. (Base de données botaniques Nadeaud de l'Herbier de la Polynésie Française (PAP).) Dioscorea bulbifera: common name details from PIER Common name - Language - Location: Language - Location - Common name : Location - Language - Common name: Language - Common name - Location: Common name/Language/Location. http://www.herbier-tahiti.pf. http://www.hear.org/pier/reports/niue_report_2004.htm. A geographical checklist of the Micronesian monocotyledonae. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S. STATE: Assorted authors. (Lista de espécies Flora do Brasil)., Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Rio de Janeiro Botanic Garden. The twining stems produce aerial axillary bulbils that are edible. Dioscorea bulbifera, Air Yam, Air Potato. Dioscorea species or “yams” are economically important world-wide as a food crop (Hammer, 1998). Allertonia, 2:45-90. D. bulbifera is an aggressive invasive plant that is widely cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. The PLANTS Database. Davidse G; Sousa Sánchez M; Chater AO, 1994. Langeland KA; Cherry HM; McCormick CM; Craddock Burks KA, 2008. Rapport de mission sur l'Ile d'Uvea (Wallis & Futuna) du 6 au 17 Novembre 2007: Inventaire preliminaire de la flore vasculaire secondaire ([English title not available]). In: Micronesia, 20 (1-2) 19-129. Vaduz, Germany: J. Cramer, 1692 pp. , 2012. Air Potato is an introduced vining perennial in the Yam family (Dioscoreaceae). Bissea: Boletin sobre Conservacion de Plantad del Jardin Botanico Nacional, 6:1-140. In Asia, the beetle species Lilioceris impressa (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) has been reported from Nepal, Bangladesh, India, Malaysia, Burma, Sri Lanka and throughout Southeast Asia and China (Yu, 1993; Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2008). Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 1033. Hatch SL, Gandhi KN, Brown LE, 1990. Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Texas. Dioscorea bulbifera L. NCBI BLAST name: monocots Rank: species Genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Mitochondrial genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Plastid genetic code: Translation table 11 (Bacterial, Archaeal and Plant Plastid) Other names: common name(s) aerial … List of species of the Flora of Brazil. California, USA: The Nature Conservancy, Wildland Invasive Species Program. http://plants.usda.gov/. USDA-NRCS, 2012. In: UNDP NIU/98/G31 - Niue Enabling Activity, 80 pp. A very aggressive vine that can quickly shade out native vegetation. Acevedo-Rodríguez P; Strong MT, 2012. 1753. > 0°C, dry summers, Cw - Warm temperate climate with dry winter, Warm temperate climate with dry winter (Warm average temp. Whistler WA, 1980. Bulbils can float in water, suggesting that flood-waters may be a form of dispersal for this species (Hammer, 1998). (Plantas Invasoras en Cuba.) Coursey DG, 1967. Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares, vol. After dormancy, the underground tubers give rise to stems which quickly grow, often reaching up to 20 metres long by the end of the growing season (Wagner et al., 1999). 2008. It is more tolerant to low temperatures during dormancy. (17) Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 169) air potato … Common name. Yamswurzel in German aerial yam in language. Ekanayake IJ; Asiedu R, 2003. Wallingford, UK: CABI. Whistler WA, 1983. In West Africa, the pests affecting D. bulbifera include the beetle species Heteroligus meles and Prionoryctes cuniculus [Prionoryctes capreolus] (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae); the scale species Aspidiella hartii (Homoptera: Diaspidadae); two leaf beetles Lilioceris livida and Lema armata (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae); and the yam weevil Palaeopus dioscoreae (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) (Pursglove, 1972; Ekanayake and Asiedu, 2003). Yamswurzel in language. http://www.li-an.fr/jyves/Meyer_2007_Rapport_Plantes_Introduites_Wallis.pdf. National Genetic Resources Program. Wildland Weeds, 2(1):8-10. [English title not available]. Langeland (undated) writes that \"stems are round or slightly angled in cross section... [and] leaves are long petioled [with] blades to … In: Flora of North America [ed. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm. The diploid chromosome number in this species varies from 36 to 80 depending on the origin of the cultivar analysed (Baquar, 1980). Dioscorea violacea Baudon. Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. Correll DS, Correll HB, 1982. Okagami N; Tanno N, 1991. In: B.P. Country of Origin: tropical east Africa to Asia USDA Zone: 9a-11 Accession Data: Accession # 198700196 Source: Fragrant Path (seed) Accession Date: 12-31-1987 Bench: 1113 - AFR:East Bench NC Currently: going dormant Qty: 2 confirmed on 11-02-2020 Classification: One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Stone BC, 1970. http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/, Florence J, Chevillotte H, Ollier C, Meyer JY, 2011. Origin of air potato identified (PDF | 99 KB) Wildlands Weeds 7:9. Flora Barbadensis: A catalogue of plants, indigenous, naturalized, and cultivated in Barbados. Paris, France: Maulde y Renou. This species reproduces sexually by seeds and vegetatively by underground and aerial tubers (bulbils) which enable it to spread rapidly and colonize entire forests in a single growing season (Hammer, 1998; Langeland et al., 1998). London, UK: Longman. In: Micronesica, 6 1-659. CABI is a registered EU trademark. I did not know Dioscorea bulbifera is so cute. Kew Bulletin, 56:361-404. In tropical hammocks, D. bulbifera's growth is most concentrated in canopy gaps (Shultz, 1993). Louisiana, USA: Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. Aerial tubers, called bulbils, form in leaf axils. Dioscorea batatas Decne. List of species of the Flora of Brazil (Lista de espécies Flora do Brasil). Historia Natural Tomo XI, Botanica ([English title not available]). Agriculture Handbook, United States Department of Agriculture, No. Part 2. Atlas of the vascular flora of Louisiana. Currently, D. bulbifera is widely naturalized and cultivated in tropical and subtropical areas in America, the West Indies, and Pacific Islands (ISSG, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2012). Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Air Potato. The genus Dioscorea includes about 350–800 species distributed largely in the tropics, but also in warm and temperate regions. The members of this family are often herbaceous and climber vines. Rayamajhi and retired ARS scientist Bob Pemberton traveled to Nepal and accidentally discovered the air potato beetle. Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Texas., Texas, USA: Texas Agricultural Experiment Station. It has a woody, tuberous rootstock and heart-shaped broad leaves. Dioscorea bulbifera var. Common name: Language: Location: PIER bibliographic reference: Comments: aerial yam English ? Dioscoreaceae of South-Central Africa. Species in this genus are dioecious, twining, and herbaceous to woody vines with single or clustered large tubers some of which are edible and are known as “yams” (Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2005). Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2008. After escaping from the lab, it multiplied and smothered native plant communities in all of Florida's 67 counties. Flowering plants of Jamaica. Can be invasive if left unchecked. Bulbils are from the leaf axils until the plant matures, and they can last a year or more on the ground waiting for suitable environmental conditions to sprout. Description. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University of Hawaii Press. Diversity and Distributions. Thomas RD, Allen CM, 1993. Overholt, W. A., C. Hughes, C. Wallace, and E. C. Morgan. Winged yam gets it name from its winged internodes, a characteristic feature of the species. Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. Tropical Crops. The flowers are inconspicuous, male flowers have 6 stamens but females have staminodes present. Google. Flora of Antioquia. How Air Potato is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. As with many species within the genus Dioscorea, D. bulbifera does not support its own weight to any great height and in order to capture sunlight, this species has evolved to climb by twining on other plants (Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2008). Hammer RL, 1998. In the United States, the oldest record of this species is from the noted naturalist and botanist William Bartram who reported its presence in a garden in Mobile, Alabama in 1777 (Bartram, 1998). Chemical control of D. bulbifera should include mechanical cutting followed by application of one of the following herbicides to the cut stems: Follow-up treatments are recommended at 6-month intervals until control is completed. Dioscoreales > Dioscoreaceae > Dioscorea bulbifera L. Synonym(s): air potato, bitter yam, air-potato, air yam Dioscorea bulbifera– USDA PLANTS Profile Kingdom Phylum/Division Class: Order: Family: Genus: Plantae: Magnoliophyta: Liliopsida: Liliales: Dioscoreaceae: Dioscorea: Species Description. In: Allertonia, 2 45-90. / Wang J, Ji L, Liu H, Wang Z. Bailey, Dioscorea sativa var. Studies on the steroid hormone precursors of two tropical wild yams. ©Smithsonian Institution/Pedro Acevedo-Rodriguez, Tropical monsoon climate ( < 60mm precipitation driest month but > (100 - [total annual precipitation(mm}/25])), As - Tropical savanna climate with dry summer, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in summer) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Aw - Tropical wet and dry savanna climate, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in winter) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Cs - Warm temperate climate with dry summer, Warm average temp. This naturalized Polynesian canoe plant and weed is native to Africa, Asia, and Australia. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). crispata (Roxb). London, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. (Catalogo de Plantas Vasculares de Panama)., Panama: Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute. Dioscorea bulbifera Russ. https://plants.sc.egov.usda.gov, Villaseñor J L, Espinosa-Garcia F J, 2004. Grisebach “naturalized and cultivated” in Antigua, and he also reported that this species was introduced from the East Indies (Grisebach, 1864). Dioscorea bulbifera L. (section Opsophyton), air yam Dioscorea pentaphylla L. (section Lasiophyton), fiveleaf yam Dioscorea polystachya Turcz. Raz L, 2003. Flowers produce a pleasant fragrance and are visited by bees, wasps, and nocturnal insects (Hammer, 1998). Yuncker TG, 1959. Hammel BE; Grayum MH; Herrera C; Zamora N, 2003. Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants., Tampa, Florida, USA: University of South Florida. Dioscoreaceae: R. Brown: Yam Family. Its annual stems, which arise from tubers, twine counterclockwise (Schultz, 1992). http://www.plantatlas.usf.edu/. Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2012. by Flora of North America Editorial Committee]. In Florida aerial yam (Dioscorea bulbifera var. (1 May 1753) Type Specimens LT: … Greensboro, North Carolina, USA: National Plant Data Team. 939 pp. http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html. Dioscorea crispata Roxb. The .gov means it’s official.Federal government websites always use a .gov or .mil domain. Berlin, Germany: Fratres Borntraeger, 771 pp. 10 (2), 113-123. Gainesville, Florida, USA: University of Florida IFAS Extension. Seeds are dispersed by wind. Provides state, county, point and GIS data. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. Prain, Dioscorea bulbifera var. Plants are dioecious; inflorescences are axillary and simple fasciculate. Urban I, 1905. anthropophagorum (A. Texas, USA: Texas Agricultural Experiment Station. This site is also protected by an SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) certificate that’s been signed by the U.S. government. [English title not available]. On islands in the Pacific, such as Hawaii and Polynesia, plants produce flowers during summer and fruits are produced from August to October and year-round (Wagner et al., 1999). Purseglove JW, 1972. / Biosci Trends. http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/. Flora Mesoamericana, 6:i-xvi,1-543. Monocotyledoneas (Orchidaceae-Zingiberaceae). Acevedo-Rodríguez P; Strong MT, 2005. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Rio de Janeiro Botanic Garden. http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/, Florence J; Chevillotte H; Ollier C; Meyer JY, 2011. By 1864, D. bulfibera is described by A.H.R. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, 98:1192 pp. Tropical Asia. The pathway of introduction of D. bulbifera into the Americas is unknown, although Coursey (1967) speculated that it may have been introduced by slave ships arriving from West Africa. The https:// means all transmitted data is encrypted — in other words, any information or browsing history that you provide is transmitted securely. Hawaii Native Status: Introduced. The Plant Book: A Portable Dictionary of the Vascular Plants. The plant form bubils in the leaf axils of the twining stems and tubers beneath the ground. tubers of Nepal. In 1850, it is reported as commonly cultivated in home gardens on the island of Cuba (Sagra, 1850). Davis, California, USA: The Nature Conservancy, 11 pp. In consequence, the probability of invasion of this species, especially in and near areas where it has been introduced for crop production, remains high. Identification and Biology of Non-native Plants in Florida's Natural Areas. Gucker, C.L. Campus. B.P. Climbing Yams. Air potato, Air potato vine, air yam, bitter yam, First observed in the U.S. in Alabama in the 1770s; first introduced to Florida in 1905 (Gucker 2009), Originally cultivated as a possible food crop and ornamental in the 1800s (Miller et al. According to Min Rayamajhi, a plant pathologist at the Agricultural Research Service's (ARS) Invasive Plant Research Laboratory (IPRL) in Fort Lauderdale, FL, the vines return every season, repeating the growth cycle and expanding the invasion at a rate of about 6 inches per day. D. bulbifera is a dioecious species, with male (staminate) and female (pistillate) flowers occurring on separate plants. Flora of China Web., Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Harvard University Herbaria. Although some wild varieties of D. bulbifera can be poisonous, many varieties of this species are cultivated for human consumption in tropical and subtropical countries in Asia, Africa and America where their edible tubers are an important human food source. (Plantas Invasoras en Cuba). But this is not fiction; it's true. Vol. The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. Dense stands should be removed using specialized machinery. USDA. D. bulbifera prefers to grow in areas with high temperatures (around 25-35°C), high humidity and high precipitation (>1000 mm annual rainfall), at low to middle elevations. After escaping from the lab, it multiplied and smothered native plant communities in all of Florida's 67 counties. The useful plants of West Tropical Africa. http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2012/. D. bulbifera is a monocotyledonous, dioecious, herbaceous perennial vine, which has been described as one of the most aggressive weeds ever introduced … This species grows best in a loamy soil that has good drainage and is preferably high in organic material (Martin, 1974; Wilkin, 2001). Report to the Republic of Palau: 2008 update on Invasive Plant Species. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition, 60(3):129-135. http://springerlink.metapress.com/link.asp?id=102980, Broome R; Sabir K; Carrington S, 2007. http://www.li-an.fr/jyves/Meyer_2007_Rapport_Plantes_Introduites_Wallis.pdf, PIER, 2012. Baquar SR, 1980. The vegetation of eastern Samoa. 1-140. it is a human commensal), Has propagules that can remain viable for more than one year, Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately, 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinyloxyacetic acid (triclopyr). For the West Indies, D. bulbifera was reported on the island of Barbados as a “naturalized plant” by James D. Maycock as early as 1830 (Maycock, 1830). © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Thomas RD; Allen CM, 1993. Flora of the Bahama Archipelago., Vaduz, Germany: J Cramer. Dioscorea alata or winged yam can easily be mistaken for air potato, D. bulbifera. http://www.plantatlas.usf.edu/. Vasquez MR, 1990. This is the story of a multi-agency group -- the USDA Agricultural Research Service, the Florida Ag Division of Plant Industry and the University of Florida/IFAS -- working together on a biological control to combat the invasive Air Potato weed in Florida. The Travels of William Bartram [ed. Cambridge, Massachusetts , USA: Harvard University Herbaria. bulbifera) is a serious environmental weed and engulfs native vegetation, climbing high into mature tree canopies. × Dioscorea bulbifera or commonly known as Aerial Yam is a perennial, non-spiny, climbing plant up to 10 m long. Tropical yams and their potential. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3812 plants and 23,753 images. Description. Adams CD, 1972. (section Enantiophyllum), Chinese yam Dioscorea sansibarensis Pax (section Macroura), Zanzibar yam . Many varieties of this species have been domesticated and cultivated for human consumption for several millennia in both Asia and Africa (Hammer, 1998; Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2008). Diagnosis: Dioscorea. London, UK: Lovell Reeve & Co., 789 pp. 39 pp. Outside its native range, this species has a winter dormant period when the stems die back to the ground. Growth Habit: Vine, Herb/Forb. Report to the Government of Niue and the United Nations Development Programme: Invasive plant species on Niue following Cyclone Heta. González-Torres LR; Rankin R; Palmarola A (eds), 2012. The stems arise from a thick tuberous rhizome, aerial tubers are also present. Monocotyledoneas (Orchidaceae-Zingiberaceae). Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Flowers are white or pinkish tinged, diminutive, and sessile; staminate flowers with perianth approximately 1.2 mm long and 6 fertile stamens; pistillate flowers with perianth approximately 1.4 mm long and a hypanthium approximately 2 mm long. (Flora de Antioquia). D. bulbifera was extensively introduced to tropical and subtropical regions of the world to be used as a food crop. In North America, D. bulbifera produces both male and female flowers during the summer months, but not every year, and fruits are produced from June to October (Hammer, 1998; Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2008). Moriwasa TL, 1999. air yam. Cairns, Townsville. The underground tubers and bulbils sprout in the spring (i.e., March in the northern hemisphere) or with the first rains of the rainy season (Morisawa, 1999). Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). Flowering Plants of Jamaica. ISSG, 2012. Dioscorea bulbifera is a monocotyledonus, dioecious, herbaceous perennial vine. Dioscorea latifolia Benth. bitter yam. Flora of the British West Indies Islands. vera). Dioscorea bulbifera. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants … It invades open to shady areas in the Eastern United States and likely similar climate zones. Dormancy in Dioscorea: comparison of dormant characteristics in bulbils of Northern species (D. opposita) and Southern species (D. bulbifera var. Miller JH, 2003. DOI:10.1111/j.1366-9516.2004.00059.x. [UNDP NIU/98/G31 - Niue Enabling Activity.] The Flora of Guam. Julissa Rojas-Sandoval, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA, Pedro Acevedo-Rodríguez, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA. Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2011. Common Name: Aerial Yam. This fast growing plant forms dense colonies that engulf native vegetation, climbing high into mature tree canopies and shading-out trees and shrubs in the understory (Langeland et al., 1998; Moriwasa, 1999; Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2008) This species has the potential to completely out-compete vegetation communities by displacing native species, changing community structures and altering ecological functions (Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2008; 2011). Anon, 2012. Plants of Tonga. Dioscorea bulbifera is the most widely distributed of all Dioscorea species. Dioscorea bulbifera Taxonomy ID: 35874 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid35874) current name. Manual de plantas de Costa Rica, Vol. Prain, Dioscorea sativa var. Weed notes: Dioscorea bulbifera, D. alata, D. sansibarensis. Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2012. 1. In: Fire Effects Information System. Correa A, Galdames MDC, Stapf MNS, 2004. Whistler WA, 1980. by Hammel B E, Grayum M H, Herrara C, Zamora N]. Plants of the Eastern Caribbean., Barbados: University of the West Indies. Dioscorea sylvestris De Wild. Studies have verified that D. bulbifera is effective in treating a wide range of diseases, such as pharyngitis, goitre, pyogenic skin infections, orchitis and cancer. . Funk V; Hollowell T; Berry P; Kelloff C; Alexander SN, 2007. Point and GIS Data plant Species., Hilo, Hawaii, USA: University the! Nepal and accidentally discovered the Air potato ( Dioscorea bulbifera, D. bulfibera is described by A.H.R for... It is found throughout the tropics and is provided as a general reference source for interested.... To both Africa and Asia used medicinall… Dioscorea bulbifera var Institute, 599 pp tubers ( i.e Sachet M-H Oliver!, Asia and northern Australia Departamento de Antioquia Overholt et al //www.fleppc.org/list/11list.html, Forzza ;... 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Is listed in repertory format latest version or installing a new browser plants subsequently escaped from cultivated fields Gardens. De Antioquia beneath the ground waiting for suitable environmental conditions to sprout, Hawaii, revised edition., honolulu Hawaii... Dictionary of the world to be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product 's label Texas. Texas. You choose to see the weeds in Order by scientific name i: Dioscorea: species Description, Mountain! Texas., Texas, USA: National plant Data Team LE, 1990 likely similar climate zones in!, pt a serious environmental weed and engulfs native vegetation, climbing plant up to 10 M long,... Chilling period before they sprout ( Okagami and Tanno, 1991 ). Dioscorea pentaphylla L. ( Opsophyton. Animals of Longqi Mountain [ ed or commonly known as aerial yam Duke... Rdc ; Callejas Posada R, Palmarola a ( eds ), yam! 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Names identified in the yam family ( Dioscoreaceae ). journal of crop,! About 350–800 species distributed largely in the Eastern Caribbean., Barbados: University of the Vascular....: UNDP NIU/98/G31 - Niue Enabling Activity, 80 pp in canopy gaps ( Shultz, 1993 ). dioscorea bulbifera common name... Ars scientist Bob Pemberton traveled to Nepal and accidentally discovered the Air potato in various of... Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk., honolulu, USA: HEAR, dioscorea bulbifera common name of Hawaii USA. Liliales: Dioscoreaceae R. Br Overholt et al last a year or more on the hormone. Af ; Carvalho Jr AA, et al 2 ):113-123 / J! Villaseñor J L, Espinosa-Garcia F J, Ji L, Liu H, Ollier C, 2004 AM... Names: Air potato, aerial yam ( Duke, James et al 1993 ) 1.3 bulbifera. And Bitter or do not form at all management plan: recommendations from the United States Australia. Or “ yams ” are economically important world-wide as a food crop ( Hammer, 1998 ).,:! To tropical and subtropical regions of the Bioresources Expedition to the Longqi Mountain Nature Reserve Animals! Bulbils of northern species ( Hammer, 1998 ). Okagami and Tanno, 1991.. Sánchez M, Chater AO, 1994 ; Herbst DR, Sohmer SH 1999... Member of the Vascular plants of the Vascular plants, Louisiana, USA: University Hawaii! Yam gets it name from its winged internodes, a characteristic feature of the twining stems and tubers the...

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